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PROGRESSIVE REFERENCE CONSERVATIVE
  • Alchemedia, image protection software
  • AnthraxVaccine Blogspot: This blog will discuss many aspects of anthrax vaccine, including information on its economics, effectiveness, safety, manufacture and other, related issues. It is intended to provide an easy way to view official documents and other evidence to gain a reliable, well-referenced view of this complex and confusing subject. It
  • Antiwar Ivins, anthrax
  • Bilderberg.net
  • BioNetrix of Vienna, gained funding from CG
  • Salon   Ivins  alabi...more
  • Center for Research on Globalization, 
  • Crooks and Liars  "On March 14th, 2003 Bruce Ivins, the alleged anthrax killer and anthrax vaccine inventor, was awarded the highest civilian honor of the Pentagon by Army Secretary Thomas White."  Ivins is listed as a co-inventor on two patents for a genetically engineered anthrax vaccine, federal records show. Separately, Ivins also is listed as a co-inventor on an application to patent an additive for various biodefense vaccines..
  • Creators, Molly Ivins, Texas
  • DooYoo.uk  UK arms trade
  • Carlucci, S. Africa
  • FireDogLake timeline
  • FTLComm The ingredients of bloody capitalism.
  • Global Research
  • Here in Reality and all Carlyle Group
  • Hermes Press  Anthrax atrocities
  • HistoryCommons Cooperative Research, Carlyle Group anthrax attacks, CooperativeResearch
  • Huffington Post Communist ties to suspect/   and "smoking gun" type documents ("declassifies the secrets") of the trumped-up evidence in the march to war"
  • Iaxis
  • Woodward book: ??..."smoking gun" type documents ("declassifies the secrets") of the trumped-up evidence in the march to war"  more  
  • Mother Jones 
  • MotherJones outfront
  • Nation Germ Boys and Yes Men
  • Rense, Guess Who Owns BioPort?  let's begin with Adm. William J. Crowe Jr. It seems that back when Bush 41was setting up Osama Bin Laden as a Freedom fighter ... , Crowe and the Joint Chiefs were selling American made weapons-grade Anthrax to Saddam Hussein in the hopes that he would use it on Iran.
  • SourceWatch Carlyle Group "Carlyle's directorship reads like George Walker Bush's inaugural ball invite list. Reagan Secretary of the Treasury James Baker serves as a senior counselor, and Richard G. Darman, former director of the Office of Management and Budget under George Herbert Walker Bush, is a managing director. Former President George Bush has served with Carlyle and Colin L. Powell, before becoming Secretary of State, made an appearance on behalf of the firm."
  • This Modern World
  • Trilateral-Commission lovearth network
  • Truthout
  • Polaris Institute
  • Political Friendster, Ronald Roughead, Iraq War Propagandist, Science Applications International Corporation, CIAS SAIC ... hmmm. ???
  • Salon BioPort was founded in 1998 by Ibrahim El-Hibri, a Lebanese financier. Along with Fuad, his U.S.-educated son, El-Hibri formed BioPort by purchasing vaccine-making facilities of the state of Michigan for $24.75 million. The company's only product was the anthrax vaccine, called BioThrax, which it sold chiefly to the U.S. military. In mid-2004, the company reorganized as Emergent BioSolutions.
  • Salon Glen Greenwald
  • Salon Glen Greenwald "...The FBI's selective release of documents in the anthrax case (updated below - Update II - Update III)  After obtaining a federal judge's approval to unseal the documents in the anthrax investigation, the FBI has released selected documents relating to its case against Bruce Ivins. Those documents can be viewed here."
  • SchemaRoot Judith Miller
  • SchemaRoot Bob Woodward
  • Thatcher, Carlucci, missing link between CIA, Wall Street, American weapons firms, Bin Laden.
  • Vinnel mercenaries
  • Wayne Madsen Report  Bruce Ivins, a microbiologist at the US Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) at Fort Detrick, Maryland, reportedly committed suicide after ingesting prescription-strength Tylenol and codeine, as the FBI prepared to charge him in the anthrax attacks that took place weeks after the 9/11 attack in 2001.  ...  Ivins was part of the FBI team that investigated the anthrax sent in letters to the Senate's Democratic leadership.
  • notes: Ivins, part of FBI team, investigated Senate anthrax letters, 
  • notes: Project Jefferson "Project Jefferson" was ongoing around the same time American anthrax ace William C. Patrick III (See USAMRIID), was contracted by Battelle Memorial Institute to develop a report on the ramifications of mailing powdered anthrax, much the same as what occurred in the wake of the Oct. anthrax mailings. ...William C. Patrick III and Russian defector Kanatjan Alibekov (alias, "Ken Alibek" ->)-the world's two leading anthrax experts-were very "close friends!" Both men held classified consulting contracts with the CIA and Battelle, Alibekov was on the CIA's payroll at that time, according to Preston, and he was fully employed by the Battelle Memorial Institute (BMI). ...source: 911Review  
  • notes American Media in Boca Raton FL (30 received an anthrax letter 30 days before published a photo of Jenna Bush falling down drunk in front of a club in Boca Rotan, FL, second to New York Post, third Tom Brokaw at NBC, fourth to ABC news, fifth to Dan Rather at CBS, postmarked Sept 18, 2001 in Trenton, NJ.
  • notes: Zack Others have claimed Dr. Philip Zack, who worked at Ft. Detrick where the anthrax came from, is a person of interest. 50] Dr. Philip Zack had the means, access to weaponized anthrax, exhibited hostile behaviours towards Dr. Ayaad Assaad, his colleague, and was caught on a security video two months after being fired entering without authorization a lab where anthrax samples went missing. The FBI knew of Zack and his unauthorized access to the lab, and Assaad had been questioned by the FBI in connection with the attacks.Wikipedia  Vanity Fair "The Soviets hadn't let the 1972 biological-and-toxin weapons convention stop them from producing 4,500 metric tons of anthrax per year. But when the Americans signed it, they put Bill Patrick out to pasture and then seemingly forgot the art, developed by William C. Patrick III in 1959 ... " file  more search terms: 
  • notes Emergent Biosolutions Inc.. is a profitable, multinational biopharmaceutical company dedicated to one simple mission—We develop, manufacture and commercialize immunobiotics, consisting of vaccines and therapeutics, that assist the body's immune system to prevent or treat disease. Our products target infectious diseases and other medical conditions that have resulted in significant unmet or underserved public health needs. Our marketed product, BioThrax® (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed), is the only vaccine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of anthrax infection. antrax
  • WebFairy Hatfill, Rhodesia,  His admission was arranged by Robert Burns Symington, an anatomy professor and neo-Nazi. "Symington is strongly believed to have worked with the Ian Smith-led white supremacist regime on its biological warfare project," Africa's Sunday Mirror reported in 2002. "The Zimbabwe authorities have since established that Smith's] security forces, particularly the much feared Selous Scouts, stealthily distributed the deadly anthrax spore among the hungry cattle of the Rhodesian Tribal Trust Lands, where most Africans lived, and seeded cholera into the rivers."
  • WhiteWraithe Green file
  • Summary
  • Wayne Madsen Report  Bruce Ivins, a microbiologist at the US Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) at Fort Detrick, Maryland, reportedly committed suicide after ingesting prescription-strength Tylenol and codeine, as the FBI prepared to charge him in the anthrax attacks that took place weeks after the 9/11 attack in 2001.  ...  Ivins was part of the FBI team that investigated the anthrax sent in letters to the Senate's Democratic leadership.
  • research their work: Peter Dale Scott, Greg Palast, Lisa Pease, Donald Gibson, John De Camp
  • DOJ docs on Ivans case
  • RawStory ... links between Gulf War Syndrome, Anthrax vaccine, Ivins... Rove / Bush knew... kept quiet. enlarge memo more below
  • Carlyle Group, Bioport / Battelle Memorial Institute
  • The main evidence is already in dispute. Wikipedia  FBI unable to find any anthrax spores at Ivins' house or on his other belongings nor place him in the New Jersey mailbox where the anthrax was mailed from, 61] that he was one of 100 people who could have worked with the vial used in the attacks
  • Salon   Ivins  alabi...
  • How does David Kelly, Judith Miller fit in?
  • Bradblog blog poster:  Washington Post changes story  (originalAug 1, 2008 "Ivins had "no access to dry, powdered anthrax" at the Fort Detrick lab where he worked"   and  (changed) Aug 2, 2008 "As a researcher for the Army's main lab for studying bioterror agents, Ivins had easy access to anthrax bacteria, including the specific strain of Bacillus anthracis used in the attacks on media outlets and congressional offices in the fall of 2001."
  • Judith Miller, links to Ivins through a vast body of false reporting on Iraq WMD and war mongering leading up to the invasion of Iraq and hoax anthrax letter, Wikipedia
  • How are patents and Emergent BioSolutions finances affected by these events?
  • AnthraxVaccine Blogspot, timely updates.
  • Ivins died of an overdose of acetaminophen / codeine , ... his attorney: Paul F. Kemp.  Was he 'suicided'?
  • WMR has learned that the late FBI counter-terrorism chief John O'Neill and the chief FBI agent investigating Israel Urban Moving Systems employees in the New York and New Jersey area prior to and after 9/11, were aware of Israel's possession of Fort Detrick-type militarized anthrax. WMR reported that anthrax was discovered at the Urban Moving Systems warehouse in Weehawken, New Jersey. The warehouse was later identified as a Mossad front operation. The anthrax letters sent to the Senate and American Media in Boca Raton; ABC News, NBC News, CBS News, and the New York Post in New York; and the Senate were all postmarked from Trenton, New Jersey.  full article
  • From the Wilderness  Jerome Hauer Now On BioPort Board of Directors, Democracy Now & The Nation Completely Blow the REAL Story  Nation  and Democracy Now
  • Dr. Philip M. Zackerie (Dr. Zack) the culprit according to Heneghan? Zionist  more,  & Wikipedia
  • The main witness in the case has checkered past: more on Duley
  • Is the Ames strain identical to the  USAMRIID strain?  McClatchy  and summary of evidence  Wired Dispatch
  • The kappa kappa gamma sorority issue is a smokescreen and irrelevant more
  • Anthrax attacks were timed to push the Patriot Act thru Congress.  The Senate anthrax was originally produced at the US Army Dugway Proving Ground in Utah and sent to Detrick. WMR  more search terms: Brian Ross, ABCNews, Soviet defector, Biopreparat, Alibek, Alibekov, Hadron Advanced BioSystems, NIH grant, $800,000, link to CIA, Hadron president Earl Brian, PROMIS, Prosecutors Management Information System, Inslaw, illegal distribution to foreign governments, intergovernmental stonewalling of crucial data, FBI footdragging, WMR 
  • see Bush / Clinton death list  Dr. Bruce Ivins added.
  • Political Friendster, Ronald Roughead, Iraq War Propagandist, Science Applications International Corporation, CIAS SAIC ... search SAIC Judith Miller.
  • Fort Detrick personnel are on 'whistleblower' status concerning knowledge in the investigations.  
  • Herbert Abrams, New York Times reporter Judith Miller authored many stories later found to be misleading or downright false.   By Herbert L. Abrams  July/August 2004 pp. 56-64 (vol. 60, no. 04) © 2004 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists  more 
  • Judith Miller subpoena
  • DemocraticUnderground Dr. Nass has been one of the whistle blowers on the Anthrax Vaccines and military contracts with the highly suspect Bioport / Emergent Biosolutions company that Ivins worked for while they were trying to secure a contract.
  • Wired, Rep Rush Holt questions
  • Yahoo Groups  Raw A 2001 memorandum from former White House Deputy Chief of Staff Karl Rove to then-Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz indicates that the White House knew of problems relating to the Gulf War Syndrome and the military's controversial anthrax vaccine.   ...   New York Daily News, Rove wrote, "I do think we need to examine the issues of both Gulf War Syndrome and the Anthrax vaccine and how they can be dealt with. They are political problems for us."
  • Summary of prosecutor evidence
  • Bentonite, AP  Daschle letter issue file  "AFIP test or the initial analysis of the Daschle letter at USAMRIID, both of which indicated that the spores were pure, and coated with a silica preparation. Given that, there is really no way Ivins could have produced and mailed this material using the relatively primitive equipment he had at his disposal."  Salon
  • IranChamber, history, chronology, arming Iraq with chemical, biological weapons, anthrax, 
  • IOM report, anthrax vaccine 'safe'
  • Scoop, David Kelly murder, Judith Miller?  file
  • Rep. Rush Holt letter to FBI Wikisource  & Mother Jones
  • file NYT Judith Miller Grand Jury article
  • Terry Jupp  file  Guardian
  • Before the invasion, Dr. Steven Hatfill, the accused anthrax killer, had headed a parallel U.S. program to construct "replica" Iraqi bioweapons trailers of the type which never existed in Iraq, but which the Bush and Blair governments used to justify the invasion.  DailyKOS
  •  Judith Miller is the link between Dr. Ivins and the Neo-con push to war. (Leakgate)  ... and the AIPAC espionage trial.

  •     Vulture Propagandists Concerns Continue to Mount on U.S. Bioweapons Violations below

  • continued on Carlyle page
  • AnthraxInvestigation  Anthrax Articles From US News & World Report  ...  In 1999, while working at a Virginia defense company called SAIC, Hatfill commissioned a classified report that included an anthrax-by-mail scenario
  • Frederick News Post  FPD is investigating claims by a therapist ( Jean Duley, who treated Ivins at the Comprehensive Counseling Associates) that Ivins tried to poison people in 2000,  she described him as homicidal and threatening, more on Duley... and leak: people saw him buying envelopes at the PO. .... survivor David Hose, worked at the diplomatic mail center, Sterling Va,  Hose is skeptical of US findings, ...  Mary Morris, wife of victim Thomas Morris Jr. is waiting for more evidence, 
  • Mercury News
  • Wikipedia The United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID, pronounced you-SAM-rid) is a military research institute for medicine based at Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland used for research of infectious disease that may have defensive applications against biological warfare that would protect the citizens of the United States. 
  • New World Peace, BioPort, Anthrax hoax    FBI incriminated in anthrax mailings cover-up,  Mena Arkansas, Battelle Memorial Institute 
  • Orlando Bosch, Otto Reich (Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs)
  • What Really Happened anthrax hoax, BioPort 
  • Wikipedia  Whitewash, no mention of Iran / Iraq war or anthrax  He sat on the Boards of Texaco, Merrill Lynch, Pfizer, Norfolk Southern Corporation and General Dynamics. At the time of his death, Crowe served as the Chairman of the Board of Visitors for the International Programs Center of the University of Oklahoma. He also served as an advisory board member for GlobalOptions, Inc., an international risk management and business solutions company headquartered in Washington, D.C..
  • Wikipedia Patriot Act
  • "ABC News, therefore, is sitting on the identities of individuals who were willfully trying to mislead investigators and plant bogus evidence of Iraq's involvement in the anthrax attacks in a manner similar to the yellowcake uranium documents linking Saddam Hussein to uranium purchases from Niger." more below  source: WMR
  • and go to Leakgate Judith Miller, Scooter Libby
  • Acambis West Nile virus vaccine
  • American Cyanimid
  • American Home Products
  • Anser Institute
  • AP Anthrax scientist  Bruce E. Ivins
  • Asian Partners Fund, Amerada Hess, Arbusto Energy, Bass Brothers Enterprises, Caterair, Delta Oil, Frontera Resources, Halliburton, Harken Energy, Kellog Brown & Root, KorAm, Saudi Aramco, SBC
  • Aventis
  • McCain linking anthrax attacks to Iraq, November, 2001  and in 1989
  • B’nai B’rith 
  • BASF
  • Battelle Memorial Institute "The BBC reported that Battelle Memorial Institute (a favorite Pentagon and CIA contractor and for whom Alibek served as biological warfare program manager in 1998) conducted a secret biological warfare test in the Nevada desert using genetically-modified anthrax early last September, right before the terrorist attacks. The BBC reported that Patrick's (William Capers Patrick III was part of the original Fort Detrick anthrax development program) paper on sending anthrax through the mail was also part of the classified contractor work on the deadly bacterial agent." source: WMR
  • Bayer AG
  • Bin Laden Family, Saudi Arabia, ties to Bush 41, Bush 43, investments,
  • BioPort, vaccine maker, Lansing Michigan, once owned by Carlyle
  • Bloomberg The deaths from anthrax spores anonymously mailed to news organizations and members of Congress shook the U.S. seven years ago as the nation was still reeling from the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. Postal facilities and some U.S. Senate offices were closed during the initial investigation. Television news anchors Tom Brokaw and Dan Rather were targeted along with U.S. Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy.
  • Carlyle Group
  • Carlyle-Calpers, 
  • CDC
  • CIA
  • Cipro
  • Citicorp / Saudi Arabia  links
  • CNN  Laurie Mylroie is the author of "Study of Revenge: Saddam Hussein's Unfinished War," which outlines her case that Iraq had a central role in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. She served as an adviser on Iraq to the 1992 Clinton presidential campaign. Mylroie is currently vice-president of "Information for Democracy," and the publisher of "Iraq News."  file
  • Crowe, Admiral W. Crowe
  • David Rubenstein, William Conway, Daniel D"Aniello, all founders, Carlyle
  • DCMilitary
  • FBI
  • Emergent Biosolutions
  • FDA
  • Fort Dodge, Ames, Iowa
  • 65.207.106.228 (Fox News/dc/10m Ide District of Columbia, Washington
  • FOX News "The FBI has narrowed its focus to 'about four' suspects in the 6 1/2-year investigation of the deadly anthrax attacks of 2001, and at least three of those suspects are linked to the Army’s bio-weapons research facility at Fort Detrick in Maryland . . . Among the pool of suspects are three scientists — a former deputy commander, a leading anthrax scientist (Ivins?) and a microbiologist — linked to the research facility, known as USAMRIID. The FBI has collected writing samples from the three scientists in an effort to match them to the writer of anthrax-laced letters that were mailed to two U.S. senators and at least two news outlets in the fall of 2001, a law enforcement source confirmed."
  • Fuad El Hibri
  • Genetics Institute
  • Gilead Science 50% of the Gilead Sciences Inc. stock is owned by  Donald Rumsfeld, Tony Blair, Cindy McCain,  FBI Division 5 William Morris Agency, Tom Brokaw.  Brokaw has replaced the late Tim Russert as host of NBC's alleged interview show "Meet the Press".  Retired Republican Senator William Frist of Tennessee has major investments in the bird flu vaccine, virus.
  • Haliburton  If Bush blames the Democrats for the Iraq War failure they will lose the 2008 election
  • Harretz "The Rosen-Weissman trial is looming large just ..." and Harretz "negate the government's contention that the information defendants obtained and disclosed was NDI National Defense Information] by showing that this information was neither closely held by the U.S. government, nor were the disclosures of this information damaging to the U.S."
  • Hoechst AG
  • I. G. Farben / Rockefeller cartel
  • Institute for Genomic Research
  • Dr. Joyce M. Carter, declared Cliff Baxter suicide
  • Jihad Spun.net
  • JudithMiller.com She now writes for several publications -- The Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and New York Sun, among them. She also appears on television as a commentator on national security, focusing on the Middle East and counterterrorism, and the need to strike a delicate balance between protecting both national security and American civil liberties in a post-9/11 world. index
  • LA Times
  • LA Times, Adm. William Crowe, anthrax, Bioport, Iran, Clinton  file  He also ran the nation’s only licensed manufacturer of anthrax and rabies vaccine, BioPort Corp.
  • McCain, Iraq anthrax YouTube, video, David Letterman, "might go back to selling camels" Do you know what Osama bin Laden is going to be on Halloween, 
  • Merck
  • Monath, Dr. Thomas
  • enlarge book cover .... Laurie Mylroie ".. there is an additive in that anthrax, bentonite, which is used to cause the anthrax to not stick together, and float in the air. Iraq is the only party known to have produced anthrax with bentonite."  She was an advisor to the Bill Clinton campaign in 1992.
  • National Veterinary Services Lab
  • Nationmaster no proof that Bush's or bin Laden family invested in BioPort
  • Newsweek, Joe Klein admitted to writing  Primary Colors, Patrick investigation, 
  • Oravax
  • Senate Armed Services report
  • Syntek Technologies
  • Oravax, Dr. Thomas Monath
  • Phrma
  • PortonDown
  • spitfirelist
  • RBHam Archives
  • Navy Library Carnahan
  • Manhattan Institute search terms: I've got a secret, the Shield, Gabriel Schoenfeld, Spain's Basque terrorists, anti-jihad u, Islamic schools, insurgents, Islam, NYPD, City Journal, Libya, Tenet, Roland Carnaby, At the Center of the Storm, When Activists are Terrorists.
  • Carlyle Group, Bin Laden family, Bush Sr. meeting on 9/11/01
  • United Defense Industries
  • White House, Bush
  • Wikipedia  Anthrax whitewash
  • Wikipedia Judith Miller
  • Wyeth-Ayerst
  • James Baker
  • Memo "April 25, 2001 ... memorandum for: Paul Wolfowitz  ... from Karl Rove ... subject: Gulf War Syndrome and Anthrax ...  Here is material which has been sent to me by Ross Perot regarding the Gulf War Syndrome, as well as some material on the Anthrax vaccine problem.  ....  I do think we need to examine the issues of both Gulf War Syndrome and the Anthrax vaccine and how they can be delt with. They are political problems for us. W00554  01"  source: RawStory 
  • Memo text: April 25, 2001 ... memorandum for: Paul Wolfowitz  ... from Karl Rove ... subject: Gulf War Syndrome and Anthrax ...  Here is material which has been sent to me by Ross Perot regarding the Gulf War Syndrome, as well as some material on the Anthrax vaccine problem.  .... He also offered me a packet of materials from the Lyndon LaRouche crowd about Richard Armitage, but I turned him down.  ...  I do think we need to examine the issues of both Gulf War Syndrome and the Anthrax vaccine and how they can be delt with. They are political problems for us. W00554  01
  • AnthraxVaccine.org Remember, this is one of the most complex, expensive cases in the FBI's history. So after spending hundreds of thousands of man-hours on the case, you can be sure the FBI has also figured out that the sorority angle leads nowhere. Yet the documents the FBI released yesterday place great emphasis on Ivins' obsession with kappa kappa gamma sorority. The only explanation is the FBI's desire to publicly sully Ivins' character, not solve the case.
  • The UK Guardian revealed Monday that the US and Britain jointly ran a highly secret program to build radiological "Dirty Bombs".  A 2002 accidental detonation killed a British scientist, a long-time colleague of Dr. David Kelly, whose death a year later led to the major scandal over the British Government's role in the Iraq WMD deception.  Before the invasion, Dr. Steven Hatfill, the accused anthrax killer, had headed a parallel U.S. program to construct "replica" Iraqi bioweapons trailers of the type which never existed in Iraq, but which the Bush and Blair governments used to justify the invasion.  ...   Judy Miller was a key common figure in both the Kelly and Hatfill stories, one which also involves former Undersecratary of Defense for Intelligence Stephen Cambone and Gen. Petraeus in the fraudulent program to sell the world on the invasion of Iraq.   
  • Heneghan Myspace  and Stewart Webb:  "It was Zackerie, who previously supervised Ivins, that was photographed handling the strain of lethal anthrax that wound up in the envelopes sent after 9/11.Again, the use of DNA splicing enabled Zackerie to turn vaccines into the actual lethal strains of anthrax.    ...  It was Zackerie, who previously supervised Ivins, that was photographed handling the strain of lethal anthrax that wound up in the envelopes sent after 9/11.Again, the use of DNA splicing enabled Zackerie to turn vaccines into the actual lethal strains of anthrax.  ...  Note: It is clear now that the late Bruce Ivins is the latest mass media-U.S. government patsy that will be used by the criminal Bushfraud ILLEGAL occupation government to take the fall for its crimes.Item: Let us remember that no official autopsy has been released on the death of Bruce Ivins.Note: Brian Ross, i.e. Rosenberg, of ABC News put out the false story leaked to him by the Bushfraud Administration that Iraq was behind the post 9/11 anthrax letters when Ross was completely aware, as was the Bushfraud Administration, that it was Israeli MOSSAD agent Dr. Philip M. Zackerie and then Assistant U.S. Attorney General and TRAITOR Michael Chertoff, that coordinated the anthrax letters to be circulated through the compromised U.S.-New Jersey postal service to their destinations on the East Coast.   ...   Item: It was the well reported 9/11 linked New Jersey Israeli Urban Moving Systems gang that assisted in the anthrax letters being mailed.   ...   Again folks, there is NO proof at all that Bruce Ivins sent any anthrax letters. There was NO Bushfraud Justice Department case against Dr. Steven Hatfill and there was NO Justice Department case against the late Bruce Ivins. Tom Heneghan ,August 2,2008
  • WMR "Evidence mounts that Bruce Ivins was victim, not perp in anthrax case  ...  The FBI appears to have used a typical ploy in their case against Fort Detrick anthrax scientist Bruce Ivins: the use of a dubious witness, Jean Carol Duley, to claim that Ivins was a homicidal individual bent on killing his co-workers and that she had information that he tried to murder people in the past using poisons. It now turns out that Duley has her own checkered past and is hardly a reputable witness against Ivins in a case that the New York Times has reported never went beyond the grand jury phase in Washington due to the existence of only circumstantial evidence against Ivins. In addition, the Frederick News Post reported that FBI agents removed two computers from the C. Burr Artz public library in Frederick and transported them to the FBI's Washington Field Office, a clear indication that the anthrax investigation is far from over. However, that fact has not deterred Justice Department "sources" from claiming that the anthrax case is now "closed" with Ivins' "suicide" from a Tylenol an codeine overdose sans autopsy.   ...   Duley has had convictions for driving under the influence conviction and driving while impaired in Frederick County, Maryland, according to publicly-available data. In addition, in 1992, a domestic battery complaint was brought against Duley in Montgomery County, Maryland and she was also charged in Maryland the same year with possession of drug paraphernalia.  full story
  • AnthraxVaccine.org  This website was designed as a source of accurate information on the U.S. human anthrax vaccine, originally named MDPH-PA or AVA and renamed BioThrax in January 2002. The vaccine has been given to over 1,400,000 servicemembers and some civilians since March, 1998. Information on smallpox vaccine and bioterrorism was added later. I am a practicing physician. This page includes some of my writings on these subjects, including four Congressional testimonies, and a variety of other materials that I hope will be useful for those persons making a decision about taking the vaccine, dealing with bioterrorism, or those doing scholarly research on either subject.  Meryl Nass, MD Diplomate, American Board of Internal Medicine Mount Desert Island Hospital Bar Harbor, Maine 04609 (207) 288-5082 ext. 220 (207)-244-9165
  • Fort Detrick scientist, suspect in anthrax attacks, dead from "apparent suicide" in Maryland. Bruce Ivins helped FBI analyze anthrax samples. Suicide or not, investigation now shows one employee of U.S. Army facility, and possibly others, may have targeted U.S. citizens in bio-terrorist attack.
  • AP Anthrax scientist  Bruce E. Ivins, 62, who worked for the past 18 years at the government's biodefense labs at Fort Detrick, Md., had been told about the impending prosecution, the Los Angeles Times reported for Friday editions. The laboratory has been at the center of the FBI's investigation of the anthrax attacks, which killed five people.  and Mercury News
  • Bloomberg "Ivins's death is being investigated as an apparent suicide from a drug overdose, said Lieutenant Shawn Martyak of the Frederick Police Department's criminal investigation division. Based on laboratory test results of blood taken from the body, the state medical examiner ``determined that an autopsy wouldn't be necessary'' to determine the cause of death, Martyak said.
  • WMR  "In Oct. 2001, ABC News' investigative reporter Brian Ross claimed that three to four "well placed" sources told him that the chemical bentonite was used in the anthrax sent through the US postal system. Ross also reported that bentonite was a signature component in Saddam Hussein's biological weapons. Ivins was one of the scientists who tested the Daschle and Leahy letters and no bentonite was ever found in the anthrax used in the letters. Ross later claimed that bentonite was found in the anthrax letters tested at Fort Detrick. However, it is now known that the anthrax used in the attacks originated from Fort Detrick and WMR reported the postal attack anthrax came from an aerosolized anthrax laboratory at the Dugway Proving Ground in Utah. ABC News, therefore, is sitting on the identities of individuals who were willfully trying to mislead investigators and plant bogus evidence of Iraq's involvement in the anthrax attacks in a manner similar to the yellowcake uranium documents linking Saddam Hussein to uranium purchases from Niger."
  • Wikipedia The United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID, pronounced you-SAM-rid) is a military research institute for medicine based at Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland used for research of infectious disease that may have defensive applications against biological warfare that would protect the citizens of the United States.  USAMRIID is the only United States Department of Defense laboratory equipped to study highly hazardous viruses at Biosafety Level 4.  USAMRIID is a critical resource for the Army, the Department of Defense, and the United States. .... collaborate with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, and academic centers of excellence worldwide.  The research institute was the first bio-facility of its type to research the Ames strain of anthrax, determined through genetic analysis to be the bacterium used in the 2001 anthrax attacks. 1] 2]
  • Wikipedia "On October 12, 2001, Judith Miller opened an anthrax hoax letter mailed to her New York Times office. The 2001 anthrax attacks had begun occurring in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, with anthrax-laced letters sent to ABC News, CBS News, NBC News and the New York Post, all in New York City, as well as the National Enquirer in Boca Raton, Florida. Two additional letters (with a higher grade of anthrax) were sent on October 9, 2001 to Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy in Washington. Twenty-two people were sickened; five died. The crime has never been solved. ... Miller was the only major U.S. media reporter, and the New York Times the only major U.S. media organization, to be victimized by a fake anthrax letter in the fall of 2001. Miller had reported extensively on the subject of biological threats and had recently co-authored a book on bio-terrorism, Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War, which had been published on October 2, 2001. Miller also co-authored an article on Pentagon plans to develop a more potent version of weaponized anthrax, "U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits," published in the New York Times on September 4, 2001, weeks before the first anthrax mailings."
  • Wikipedia "On August 6, 2008, federal prosecutors declared Ivins to be the sole culprit of the crime when Jeffrey Taylor, the U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia laid out the case against Ivins to the public. The main evidence is already in dispute. Taylor stated "The genetically unique parent material of the anthrax spores ... was created and solely maintained by Dr. Ivins." But other experts disagree, including biological warfare and anthrax expert, Dr. Meryl Nass, who stated: "Let me reiterate: No matter how good the microbial forensics may be, they can only, at best, link the anthrax to a particular strain and lab. They cannot link it to any individual." At least 10 scientists had regular access to the laboratory and its anthrax stock, and possibly quite a few more, counting visitors from other institutions, and workers at laboratories in Ohio and New Mexico that had received anthrax samples from the flask."
  • Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buyout firm, Carlucci to become Chairman ermitus, David M. Rubenstein - cofounder; John Major heads EU arm, citynet, Blackstone Group, Mitch Daniels, was top executive of Eli Lilly, Condoleeza Rice, on board of Chevron Oil, Andrew Card,  General Motors, Joeseph Hagin Chiquita Brands, Linda Fisher Monsanto, J. Steven Griles Environmental Strategies National Mining Association, Rumsfeld headed G.D. Searle and General Signal Corp.  Carlyle Bex, an affiliate of CG,  Abdullah Bin Laden 1994 graduate of Harvard,  Major, former PM England problem with Carlyle,  Carlyle preferred bidder to take over British Qinetiq firm,  Nancy Dorn, Registered Chinese Agent, now director of OMB???,  Richard Darman, Cadbury-Schweppes, Baker Botts,  Grace & Lyles Dev. Co. , Atlanta, W. Lyles Carr III, Adams National Bank,  FTR#347,  Frank Carlucci, James Baker III, Houston, Osama bin Laden?, Bill Clinton?
Plamegate related pages
Plame / Wilson / Novak Pentagon mole, AIPAC Spies Forged Yellowcake docs Common
 
Timeline study on BioPort / Judith Miller / Anthrax / Fear Mongering

source of above: Tetrahedon                  enlarge

Timeline

  • 1950 LONDON (Reuters) - Former British servicemen who were guinea pigs in chemical weapons' trials during the Cold War won 3 million pounds in compensation and an apology from the government (2006).  The 360 surviving ex-military personnel were subjected to tests at the Porton Down (search Porton Down anthrax) chemical warfare facility. The Ministry of Defence said they will get about 8,000 pounds each.  In a parliamentary statement, defence minister Derek Twigg said it was a "full and final settlement" to those who had participated in the trials during the 1950s and 1960s          Wikipedia   Alex Constantine  MacGill  ...  Courant (link to Ivins case)
  • 1959 Vanity Fair "The Soviets hadn't let the 1972 biological-and-toxin weapons convention stop them from producing 4,500 metric tons of anthrax per year. But when the Americans signed it, they put Bill Patrick out to pasture and then seemingly forgot the art, developed by William C. Patrick III in 1959 ... " file more terms Bacillus anthracis, trillion spores per gram, remove electrostatic charge to prevent clumping, acetone extraction, 
  • 1969  Richard Nixon shut down America's offensive bioweapons program 
  • 1972   1972 biological-and-toxin weapons convention
  • 1979 The Ames strain did not come from the sleepy Iowa college town of the same name, or from anywhere else in Iowa. It was a Texas strain, cultured from a Texas cow in 1979, federal officials now say.  Sam Seder Show   Wikipedia  Anthrax whitewash, chronology
  • 1982   The Big Chill, by Laura Rozen,   The Nation. ... linking Judith Miller's jailing to the AIPAC / Franklin investigation.  In early 80's Steve Rosen shifted AIPAC to far right ideology, and focused on Iran.  Miller, war propagandist. agent of the government, embedded with troops in Iraq, given clearance to classified material (2003), in direct conflict with her job as a journalist
  • 1982 Scoop It was before and during David Kelly’s tenure at Porton Down that it became involved with South Africa’s bioweapon program named Project Coast. A cardiologist named Wouter Basson who was the personal physician of South African Prime Minister Botha headed the project.
  • Jul 1982  Steven Rosen (Wikipedia) was employed as the Director of Foreign Policy Issues for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)  search Judith Miller, Steve Rosen   DailyKOS
  • Stephen Rosen and Richard Perle may have worked together as early as 1982 Dailykos and The New Yorker  Miller, and the New York Times.   search Judith Miller, Richard Perle
  • Martin Indyk formed a research department for AIPAC EIR and see WINEP.  see also Leon Fuerth. 
  • 1984 Scoop  "In 1984 Dr. David Kelly was invited by the Ministry of Defense (MoD) to take the position of chief microbiologist at its secret facility at Porton Down
  • 1986  SchemaRoot Judith Miller In 1986, she wrote numerous of articles on Libya, thus contributing to a massive disinformation campaign on Khadafi which was coordinated by Admiral Poindexter. (Iran Contra) Ghorbanifar, Oliver North, Michael Ledeen,
  • 1986  Global Research  United States exports of biological materials to Iraq Compromising the credibility of international law   and see article in Washington Post by Bob Woodward  “The Central Intelligence Agency has been secretly supplying Iraq with detailed intelligence, including data from sensitive U.S. satellite reconnaissance photography, to assist Iraqi bombing raids on Iran's oil terminals and power plants in the war between the two nations, according to informed sources. The information has been flowing to Iraq for nearly two years.”
  • 1987 Scoop At the Hutton inquiry, Brian Jones testified as to David Kelly’s involvement, with the highest security clearance, in analyzing top-secret information regarding biological weapons of the U.K. and other governments. Jones was director of a department on the Defence Intelligence Staff (DIS). That involvement, beginning in 1987, presumably continued until his death and through his several other jobs as weapons “inspector” in Russia and (for UNSCOM) in Iraq.
  • Jan 1989 Think Progress An article titled, “Iraq may have gotten bacteria from US lab” was published in the Washington Post on January 29, 1989.  The article quoted a speech in which John McCain said the following: “ We] know that Iraq has already misused international agreements to obtain tularemia from the U.S… . We have every reason to assume that Iraq may soon weaponize two of the three most lethal biotoxins - anthrax and tularemia.” Random Lunatic News
  • 1989  WMR "The discovery of Carlyle documents with WMD components at Al Bakr by US Army counter-intelligence agents closes the loop on the involvement of Bush I and Baker in supplying Saddam Hussein with his deadliest weapons. Bush and Baker are reportedly shareholders in Houston-based Tanox Biosystems, sued by Gulf War Syndrome sufferers for shipping deadly biological agents to Iraq before Desert Storm. Tanox has also been accused of infecting death row inmates at the Texas State Prison in Huntsville with Mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus), eventually passing the results if the tests to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick bio-weapons laboratory. Another defendant in the Gulf War veterans' suit is Rhone-Poulenc, headquartered in Shelton, Connecticut, and operator of a chemical plant in Houston. (After merger with Hoetsch, Rhone-Poulenc is now known as Aventis). DeBatto's discovery that the Carlyle shipment of the chem-bio weapons was made through Spanish and French intermediaries is bolstered by the fact that two firms identified by Gulf War plaintiffs, one Spanish -- Cades -- and the other French -- Rhone Poulenc -- are identified as pass through firms for U.S. shipments of nerve and mustard gas agents to Saddam in the 1980s.    
  • 1989  Scoop In 1989, Vladimir Pasechnik, head of the Soviet bioweapons program at its Biopreparat facility, defected to the U.K. His revelations of Soviet activity created a diplomatic uproar over violations of the 1972 treaty banning such activity that had been pushed and signed by the U.K., U.S. and USSR.
  • 1990, Laurie Mylroie more co-authored with  Miller  Iraq book: “Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the Gulf" William Bowles  and  Laurie Mylroie. ..Regan Books, an imprint of Harper Collins Publishers, released her book in paperback. Harper Collins is owned by Rupert Murdoch, who also owns the Fox News Channel, which booked Laurie Mylroie as an Iraq expert during the build-up to the war.  WorldNetDaily  Links between Gulf War and Iraq War..??
  • Judith Miller, New York Times, Cheney, Libby --- war propagandists
  • Laurie Mylroie, Wikpedia
  • Oct 1992 Holland plane crash, Sarin gas .... HistoryCommons  "El Al Flight LY1862, en route from New York to Tel Aviv, crashes into a block of apartment buildings shortly after take-off from Schiphol Airport,  ...   a Boeing 747, was carrying several tons of chemicals, including hydrofluoric acid, isopro-panol and dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP)—three of the four chemicals used in the production of sarin nerve gas. The shipment of chemicals—approved by the US commerce department—reportedly came from Solkatronic Chemicals Inc. of Morrisville, Pennsylvania and its final destination was the Institute for Biological Research (IIBR) in Ness Ziona near Tel Aviv, Israel, which is reported to be the “Israeli military and intelligence community’s front organization for the development, testing and production of chemical and biological weapons.”  more below
  • Feb 1994  IranChamber February, 1994. Senator Riegle from Michigan, chairman of the Senate Banking Committee, testifies before the senate revealing large US shipments of dual-use biological and chemical agents to Iraq that may have been used against US troops in the Gulf War and probably was the cause of the illness known as Gulf War Syndrome. 
  • 1995 BioPort WebFairy "The company was founded on June 22, 1995 by Yoav Stern, a former avionics system officer specializing in F-15, A-4, Mirage and Kfir fighter jets for the Israeli Air Force. He was also commander of a flight training unit, and a deputy squadron commander. The BioPort web site reports that one Zive R. Nedivi has been the CEO, president and a director of the company since June 1995. Mr. Nedivi also served in the Israeli Air Force and was the founder "of the predecessor of the company, an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of Rada Electronic Industries Ltd."" and see Ratical put option activity before 911
  • 1996 Michigan Governor John Engler began privatization process of Michigan's vaccine facility.
  • 1997 DOD funded improvements, $75 millionNew York Times Judith Miller  Aug 5, 2002. (article, left)
  • Dec 1997  New York Times "The situation changed in December 1997 when the Clinton Administration threatened to go to war over Baghdad's intransigence in giving free access to United Nation's inspectors. Defense Secretary William S. Cohen announced that all American troops and reservists would get anthrax shots -- a first for the military.  ...   Suddenly, the old plant was a hot property. Michigan reopened the bidding in January and a dozen companies considered the plant. Five made firm offers and, in late May, the Pentagon made the deal even sweeter by announcing plans to invest an additional $15 million to double the plant's vaccine output. "
  • 1997  Scoop Dr. Kelly and Christopher Davis of the U.K and U.S. microbiology experts debriefed Pasechnik. Davis, who comes out of MoD Intelligence, was at the time an employee of Veridian Corp., which has an interesting history.  According to mind control researcher David Hoffman, in 1946 Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory was founded including the “Fund for the Study of Human Ecology.” The “fund” was a CIA financing conduit for mind control experiments by émigré Nazi scientists and others under the direction of CIA doctors Sidney Gotttlieb, Ewen Cameron and Louis Jolyn West. Gottlieb, of course was the director of the CIA’s infamous MK-ULTRA mind control program.  Cornell was later absorbed into Calspan Advanced Technology Center in Buffalo, NY. The company continued experiments in mind control and artificial intelligence. In 1997 Calspan was in turn absorbed by Veridian Corp. Veridian (Calspan) is deeply involved in artificial intelligence. In August of this year giant defense contractor General Dynamics acquired Veridian-Calspan.  
  • 1997 Clear Vision, Battelle Memorial Institute (BMI), source of anthrax mailings? New York Times  reports (Broad and Miller) tie  BMI, CIA, and  Dugway Life Sciences  Center with mailed anthrax strains.
  • Wurmser wrote a column in the Wall Street Journal: "Iraq Needs a Revolution", Sourcewatch.  Wurmser was a 'special assistant' to John Bolton who provided much content for Judith Miller articles in the NY Times.  Also Wurmser was a research fellow at AEI...Mylroie's book was first published in 2000 by AEI Press. ... In 1990, Mylroie co-authored with Judith Miller another Iraq book called "Saddam Hussein
  • search "Anthrax Mailings Inquiries Lead to Battelle / Bioport",  Ingri Cassel, Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz. 
  • Apr 27, 1997 History Commons "A package containing a petri dish mislabeled “anthracks” is received at the B’nai B’rith headquarters in Washington, DC. The choice of B’nai B’rith may be meant to suggest Arab terrorists, because the building had once been the target of an assault by Muslim gunmen. The dish does not contain anthrax but does contain bacillus cereus, a very close, non-toxic cousin of anthrax used by the US Defense Department."
  • 1998, Hatfill was Patrick's sidekick in what one colleague has described as a "Batman and Robin" team  Vanity Fair  file
  • 1998 Judith Miller and William Broad report on Iraq bioweapons and Miller met with Khidhir Hamza, William Bowles 
  • 1998 As Miller and others have explained, Ahmad Chalabi, an Iraqi expatriate, was the source of much of her information; some of the time she credited him directly. 2] She had mentioned him much earlier: In an interview in 1998, shortly after Operation Desert Fox (four nights in which the United States and Britain bombed numerous targets in Iraq), she said that Chalabi told her he had been given only "a few hours' notice" of the impending attack.   NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • 1998 BioPort.com  Founded 1998, to acquire the assets of Michigan Biologic Products Institute from the State of Michigan. BioThrax, product
  • BioPort was bought in 1998 for nearly $25 million by a group of private investors, including executives who had worked at the plant under Michigan ownership; Fuad El-Hibri; and Adm. William J. Crowe Jr., a former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. New York Times  Judith Miller  Aug 5, 2002    New York Times
  • 1998  "Judith Miller apparently knew David Kelly rather well. She had quoted him in several of her earlier articles going back to 1998, and according to the Globe article referenced above, Kelly had helped her write her book about Weapons of Mass Destruction published several years before"  Dailykos
  • 1998, BioPort wins an exclusive $29 million contract with the Department of Defense for controversial anthrax vaccine, increased by the Pentagon to $49.8 million and advances Bioport $1.7 million to cover it's debts. Bioport's largest investor, Saudi Fuad El-Hibri, friend of bin Laden family, former M & A manager of Citigroup, and with major shareholder Carlyle Group.   Sam Seder Show
  • 1998, U.S. FDA and the Centers for Disease Control -- working under a presidential directive, look for existing drugs to use after a mass exposure to anthrax.   Sam Seder Show
  • 1999, the CDC asks Bayer to have Cipro labeled for use in inhalational anthrax. Bayer is also asked to provide data that showed how safe Cipro is and results in children for treatment of inhaled anthrax.   ...    Inhaled anthrax was almost nonexistent in this country, and Bayer could skip time-consuming human clinical trials.
    "The DOD had done the critical studies," says L. Barth Reller, chair of the FDA advisory committee.   Sam Seder Show
  • 1999, William C. Patrick III, briefing, Maxwell Air Force base, Alabama, Bacillus globigii, simulant, predicted an attack, 
  •  Adm William J. Crowe Jr.  The Great Anthrax Stock Swindle, Rense
  • Feb 1999  HistoryCommons "A classified report discusses responses to an anthrax attack through the mail. The report, precipitated by a series of false anthrax mailings, is written by William Patrick, inventor of the US anthrax weaponization process, under a CIA contract. New York Times, 12/3/2001] The report was commissioned by Steven Hatfill, a good friend of Patrick. "
  • May 14, 2000 HistoryCommons "May 14, 2000: Inquiry Launched into Bayer Coverup of Cipro Problems The Sunday Times reports that an inquiry has been launched into the behavior of Bayer, after revelations in a British trial regarding the anthrax antibiotic drug Cipro. The drug has been tested on hundreds despite the company having conducted studies which showed it reacted ... "
  • Jul 6,  2000  BioPort's anthrax vaccine fails potency tests, 
  • Antex Biologics, sister company to BioPort Corporation
  • 2001 Tetrahedron Publishing excerptsAn Open Letter and Question for FBI Director, Robert Mueller, from Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz, Prepared for Broadcast on "Inside Out," Hosted by Michael Levine on KRLA radio in Los Angeles December 17, 2001.
    BMI directs the Defense Department's "Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program" worth more than $1 billion in vaccine contracts; an acquisition program in which Battelle, as a CIA contractor, partnered with Bioport for America's sole anthrax vaccine production. Bioport-largely owned by Britain's top secret biowarfare consortium Porton Down, bin Laden family associate Faud El Hibri, Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr., a former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and others (including, according to some investigators, the multinational investment firm and defense contractor, the Carlyle Management Group, that managed bin Laden family millions prior to 9-11, directed by past CIA director Frank Carlucci, James Baker, III, and Past President George H.W. Bush); a vaccine maker that has negotiated a steady stream of controversy and illegalities since 1996, the year before the CIA contracted with Battelle to conduct a special study of aerosolized hyper-weaponized anthrax.....more
  • search: "Judith Miller" bioport 2001
  • May 15, 2001 Buck, anthrax vaccine refusal, Buck, file court martial
  • June 21, 2001 Courant Daschle letter to Rumsfeld"A growing number of people believe that the use of the anthrax vaccine as currently formulated to protect humans against inhalation of anthrax spores fails to meet this test," wrote Daschle, a South Dakota Democrat. "We all acknowledge that the threat posed by biological weapons, including anthrax, is a real one that the Administration and the Congress have a responsibility to address."  ..  The letter, also signed by then House Minority Leader Richard Gephardt, was sent to Rumsfeld on June 21, 2001. The first anthrax letters were postmarked Sept. 18, 2001. The anthrax-laced letters sent to the offices of Daschle and Vermont Sen. Patrick Leahy were postmarked Oct. 9, 2001.  
  •  June 30-July 1, 2001 HistoryCommons: Judith Miller , New York Times Reporter Told Al-Qaeda Is ‘Planning Something So Big the US Will Have to Respond,’ but Fails to Publish Warning   ...  She has a conversation with a still-anonymous top-level White House source who reveals there is some concern about a top-secret NSA intercept between two al-Qaeda operatives. She explains, “They had been talking to one another, supposedly expressing disappointment that the United States had not chosen to retaliate more seriously against what had happened to the USS] Cole. And one al-Qaeda operative was overheard saying to the other, ‘Don’t worry; we’re planning something so big now that the US will have to respond.’ And I was obviously floored by that information. I thought it was a very good...  The New York Times has yet to mention the warning in all of their post-9/11 reporting and the 9/11 Commission has never mentioned anything about the warning either."
  • mid August 2001 Global Research "As for the present smallpox threat, the man charged with overseeing President Bush's mass vaccination policy was another "Dark Winter" alumnus, Jerry Hauer. Hauer, (BioPort, Emergent BioSolutions) a former director of Kroll Associates - the security firm at the helm when the Twin Towers fell - is also the man who personally pulled strings in order to get senior FBI official John O'Neill his job as head of security at the World Trade Center. O'Neill, who had left a 30-year career in the FBI only two weeks before September 11, had perished in the rubble of the Twin Towers on his very first day at the post. Incidentally, O'Neill just happened to have been the main FBI official in charge of investigating all things bin Laden.
  • Sept 4, 2001  New York Times by  Miller, Engelberg, Broad, Sept  2001 article: " U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits",  search words, Clear Vision, secret program to mimicked creation of biological (anthrax) arsenal. other search terms: Batelle Memorial Institute, defensive research loophole, Gene Johnson, ended in 2001.  Also Project Jefferson, track dangers of bioweapons.  
  • Sept 4, 2001  "U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits," published in the New York Times on September 4, 2001, weeks before the first anthrax mailings.    Wikipedia Judith Miller
  • Spring  2001  Ivins removed from Special Immunization Program FireDogLake
  • Sept 7,  2001  Ivins reinstated to Special Immunization Program FireDogLake
  • Sept 9, 2001  New York Times article by Jane Perlez: major shift away from  Clinton policy to broker peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians.  After many refusals Bush agreed to meet Arafat but 9/11 WTC nixed it.  hmmm?  The Nation The Big Chill, July 14, 2005
  • Sept 11, 2001 HistoryCommons Evening, 911: White House Staff, Including Cheney’s, Start Taking Anthrax Antibiotic Cipro On the evening after the 9/11 attacks, some White House personnel, including Vice President Dick Cheney’s staff, are given the anti-anthrax drug Cipro, and told to take it regularly"
  • Sept 14-16,  2001  worked late more than two hours FireDogLake
  • Sept 17, 2008  Salon    Ivins  alabi...  Sept 17, the day the FBI says the first batch of anthrax letters were mailed from Princeton, New Jersey mailbox
  • Mid-September 2001: HistoryCommons "Neoconservatives Look to Tie Iraq to 1993 WTC Bombing, but Evidence Contradicts Their Theory At the behest of Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, former CIA director James Woolsey and a team of Justice and Defense Department officials fly to London on a US government plane to look for evidence tying Saddam Hussein to the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center" failed....
  • AnthraxVaccine Blogspot: “Ivins was in the lab alone at night for prolonged period–much more so than at other times. Perhaps so. But the document states he spent exactly the same amount of time in the biosafety suite each night for 3 nights running just when the first letters were sent (September 14-16): 2 hours and 15 minutes, each time. That is a funny coincidence, when he spent variable amounts of time in the building. To me it suggests a clerical error.   ...   Between September 11, 2001 and the first anthrax letter being found, there was a LOT of talk about a biological attack being next. I was deluged with queries about this at the time. So if Ivins was trying to work harder under the cloud of an impending attack, it makes sense to me, because I was working harder.”
  • Sept 18,  2001  Less lethal 'media' anthrax letters mailed FireDogLake
  • Sept 18, 2001  Wikipedia  Amerithrax attacks (case name) started
  • Sept 26, 2001: Ivins emails, "I just heard tonight that Bin Laden terrorists for sure have anthrax and sarin gas" ... "Osama Bin Laden has just decreed death to all Jews and Americans" FireDogLake
  • Sept 28-30,  2001  worked late around 1 1/2 hours FireDogLake
  • Oct 2001, press reports reveal that White House staff had been on the powerful antibiotic Cipro since the September 11th terrorist attacks. White House staff, and President Bush as well, began taking Cipro nearly a month before anthrax was detected on Capitol Hill.
  • Wikipedia "John McCain suggested on the David Letterman Show that the anthrax may have come from Iraq 40], and the next week ABC News did a series of reports stating that three or four (depending on the report) sources had identified bentonite as an ingredient in the anthrax preparations, implicating Iraq."  see also Guardian, Wall Street Journal, 
  • Immediately after attacks:   Greenwald details how immediately after the anthrax attacks four “well-placed sources” independently reported to ABC that preliminary lab results definitively linked the anthrax to Iraq by tell-tale traces of the compound bentonite. ABC’s Brian Ross broadcast this news loudly and long, and thereby vastly influenced public opinion linking Saddam to 9/11, but there is not and never was an iota of truth to these reports: bentonite was never detected by those tests. ABC kept the secret of this false leak until 2007; ABC knows its “well-placed sources” Salon  WhiteWraithe Green file
  • Oct 2001 Telegraph, Anthrax, Woolsey  Building a Case against Iraq,  Mid-September-October 2001: Neoconservatives Attempt to Link Iraqi Government to 9/11 and Anthrax Attacks Former CIA Director James Woolsey makes a secret to Europe to find evidence that could link the Iraqi government to various terrorist attacks. HistoryCommons
  • Oct 1, 2001  Global Research October 1, Judith Miller of the New York Times reported that hijacker Atta received money from someone using the alias "Mustafa Ahmad". Five days later, on October 6, Maria Ressa of CNN, quoting terrorism expert Magnus Ranstorp, officially unveiled Omar Saeed as the pseudonymous 9/11 money man: "He Omar Saeed] is ... linked to the financial network feeding bin Laden's assets, so therefore he's quite an important person...because he transfers money between various operatives, and he's a node between al Qaeda and foot soldiers on the ground." Ressa went on to report: "Because investigators have now determined that Omar Saeed] and Mustafa Muhammad Ahmad the pseudonym] are the same person, it provides another key link to bin Laden as the mastermind of the overall 9/11] plot."
  • Oct 2, 2001 “anti-terrorism” Patriot Act is introduced in Congress, but is not well received by all..
  • Oct 3, 2001 Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle (D) says he doubts the Senate will take up this bill in the one week timetable the administration wants. As head of the Senate, Daschle has great power to block or slow passage of the bill. Attorney General Ashcroft accuses Senate Democrats of dragging their feet.
  • Oct 2, 2001 Wikipedia Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War, which had been published on October 2, 2001.  Miller also co-authored an article on Pentagon plans to develop a more potent version of weaponized anthrax, "U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits," published in the New York Times on September 4, 2001, weeks before the first anthrax mailings.
  • Oct 2, 2001: Ayaad Asaad interviewed about claim he was a bioterrorist; Ivins works late for 23 minutes FireDogLake
  • Oct 2, 2001 “anti-terrorism” Patriot Act is introduced in Congress
  • Oct 4, 2001 Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D) accuses the Bush administration of reneging on an agreement on the anti-terrorist bill. Leahy is in a key position to block or slow the bill. Some warn that “lawmakers are overlooking constitutional flaws in their rush to meet the administration's timetable.” Two days later, Ashcroft complains about “the rather slow pace …over his request for law enforcement powers… Hard feelings remain.” Sam Seder Show
  • Oct 5,  2001 AnthraxInvestigation  victims
  • Oct 4-6,  2001  worked late around 3 hours FireDogLake
  • Oct 5, 2001 New York Daily News  FBI was told to blame Anthrax scare on Al Qaeda by White House officials  ...  In the immediate aftermath of the 2001 anthrax attacks, White House officials repeatedly pressed FBI Director Robert Mueller to prove it was a second-wave assault by Al Qaeda, but investigators ruled that out, the Daily News has learned.   ...   After the Oct. 5, 2001, death from anthrax exposure of Sun photo editor Robert Stevens, Mueller was "beaten up" during President Bush's morning intelligence briefings for not producing proof the killer spores were the handiwork of terrorist mastermind Osama Bin Laden, according to a former aide.  ... " Sam Seder Show   and 
  • Wikipedia Immediately after the anthrax attacks, White House officials repeatedly pressured FBI Director Robert Mueller to prove that they were a second-wave assault by Al Qaeda. During the president's morning intelligence briefings, Mueller was "beaten up" for not producing proof that the killer spores were the handiwork of terrorist mastermind Osama Bin Laden, according to a former aide. "They really wanted to blame somebody in the Middle East,"
  • Oct. 5, 2001: Ivins works late for 3 hours 42 minutes; Bob Stevens, photo editor of Sun newspaper, dies  FireDogLake
  • Oct 6, 2001 Global Research Maria Ressa of CNN, quoting terrorism expert Magnus Ranstorp, officially unveiled Omar Saeed as the pseudonymous 9/11 money
  • Oct 9, 2001 Two more letters  ...  The sixth and seventh letters to Daschle and Leahy were postmarked October 9,2001 and contained a more refined and dangerous anthrax medium. Sam Seder Show
  • Courant The anthrax-laced letters sent to the offices of Daschle and Vermont Sen. Patrick Leahy were postmarked Oct. 9, 2001.  
  • Oct 12, 2001 Iowa State (Ames Lab) college staff members removed the anthrax specimens from the laboratory and destroyed them. Dr. Jim Roth, an assistant dean, had contacted the F.B.I. and the Centers for Disease Control before killing the specimens. Both agencies approved the destruction. Sam Seder Show
  • Oct 12, 2001 Fox News
  • Bob Stevens, 63 yr old tabloid photo editor, American Media, succumbed to inhalation anthrax, breathing in spores, deadlier than cutaneous, from skin cuts, scratches, 
  • Guardian  Anthrax, al Queda link
  • Oct. 14, 2001: Ivins works late for 1 hour 26 minutes; Guardian first suggests tie between anthrax and Iraq  FireDogLake
  • Oct. 15, 2001: Daschle letter opened; Bush presses FBI to look into Middle Eastern links to anthrax  FireDogLake
  • CNN transcripts Judith Miller interview   file  Well, the letter was handwritten. And there was no return address. And there were misspellings. It was a threatening letter. And "The Times" has decided that I should only tell you that it contained a threat to the Sears Tower and to President Bush. It was a crude letter. That is all I can say."  no return address...???  the Florida letter writer also warned of destruction of the Sears Tower ...
  •  
Timeline continued
  • Oct 15, 2001 The Daschle letter was opened on October 15, 2001, on the 6th floor of the Senator's Hart Senate Office Building, and all 18 people within the area of Daschle's office tested positive for anthrax, as well as 7 of 25 who worked on the 5th floor as an open staircase linked the two offices.  Sam Seder Show
  • Oct 16, 2001 CNN/Health reports: Ninety offices of Planned Parenthood and at least 80 clinics of the National Abortion Federation receive envelopes containing powdery substances (not anthrax) Sam Seder Show
  • Oct. 16, 2001: Ivins' coworker emails "Bruce has been an absolute manic basket case the last few days" FireDogLake
  • Judy Miller's War, Dissident Voice, "Lay all Judith Miller's New York Times stories end to end from late 2001 to June 2003 and you get a desolate picture of a reporter with an agenda, both manipulated and being manipulated by US government officials, Iraqi exiles and defectors, an entire Noah's Ark of scam artists" Alexander Cockburn
  • Oct. 18, 2001: Nerve attack scare in White House situation room  FireDogLake
  • Oct. 18, 2001: John McCain links anthrax attack to Iraq and Phase II of war on terror  FireDogLake
  • Oct. 21, 2001: First of two DC postal workers dies of anthrax poisoning  FireDogLake
  • Oct. 22, 2001: Secret Service reports traces of anthrax on letter opening machine in White House
  • Oct 25, 2001  The Washington Post reports that the spores in the Daschle letter had been using technology so sophisticated that it almost certainly came from the United States, Iraq or the former Soviet Union.  ...   Office of Homeland Security Director Tom Ridge said, the bacterial spores that caused anthrax outbreaks in Florida, New York and Washington belong to Ames strain.
  • Oct. 24-25, 2001: USA PATRIOT ACT passes House
  • Oct. 26, 2001 Wikipedia The USA PATRIOT Act,.. signed into law on October 26, 2001. The acronym stands for "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001" (Public Law Pub.L. 107-56).
  • Oct. 26, 2001: USA PATRIOT signed into law; ABC News cites well-placed sources (now explained to be then current and former scientists conducting analysis of the anthrax) with bentonite claim
  • Oct 28, 2001 Miller/ Germs a bestseller, Miller, Engelberg, Broad,  and also envelope with white
  •  powder...hmmm.....Bioport?  NewsFollowup
  • Oct. 29, 2001: General John Parker mis-reports that silica found in anthrax sample
  • 2001  FAS Federation of American Scientists, analysis of anthrax attacks
  • Oct 13, 2001 CIDRAP Chronology of anthrax events, including Judith Miller
  • Oct 14, 2001 Miller/ Engelberg/ Broad book "Germs, The Ultimate Weapon", climbing best seller lists.  And Miller gets 'white powder' envelope, not anthrax.  by Oct 28, Germs #1.Counterpunch and Abrams
  • Miller, David Kelly? Spiked Online and see Huffington  Post timeline on links between UK / Blair / Kelly suicide and Miller  article
  • Oct 21, 2001 DOJ  "...indictment charged Misbah Khan of Karachi, Pakistan with hacking into AIPAC's computer server in Silver Spring, Maryland on November 1, 2000."
  • Nov 07, 2001, Wikipedia Tom Ridge dismissed the bentonite claim, but was ignored by the media
  • see NewsFollowUp.com on Bioport
  • McCain linking anthrax attacks to Iraq, November, 2001, Letterman 
  • Dec 20, 2001 Miller published a Times front-page story about an Iraqi engineer who claimed knowledge of twenty WMD sites in Iraq, with many caveats,  but all later shown to be just hype, and see Abrams
  • The man in the street does not notice the devil even when the devil is holding him by the throat.
  • Dec 20, 2001, Miller  wrote at length about Iraqi defector Adnan Ihsan Saeed Al Haideri (made available by Chalabi's Iraqi National Congress) who "personally worked on renovations of secret facilities for biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. . . . His] account gives new clues about the types and possible location of illegal laboratories, facilities, and storage sites."  
  • 2002 notes: The UK Guardian revealed Monday that the US and Britain jointly ran a highly secret program to build radiological "Dirty Bombs". A 2002 accidental detonation killed a British scientist, a long-time colleague of Dr. David Kelly, whose death a year later led to the major scandal over the British Government's role in the Iraq WMD deception.   and  ...Terry Jupp, a scientist with the Ministry of Defence, was engulfed in flames during a joint Anglo-American counter-terrorism project intended to discover more about al-Qaida's bomb-making capacities.
  • Mar 7 2002 New York Times   "The BioPort vaccine, first approved by the F.D.A. in 1970, (by Serle, Rumsfeld, CEO) relies on technology that dates from the 1950's. The Defense Department is working on an alternative, and clinical trials may begin as early as this year,"
  • Apr 2002 AnthraxInvestigation  Anthrax Articles From US News & World Report  ...  In 1999, while working at a Virginia defense company called SAIC, Hatfill commissioned a classified report that included an anthrax-by-mail scenario
  • May 9, 2002, Wikipedia New Scientist published an article that reported: 'The DNA sequence of the anthrax sent through the US mail in 2001 has been revealed and confirms suspicions that the bacteria originally came from a US military laboratory. The data released uses codenames for the reference strains against which the attack strain was compared. The two reference strains that appear identical to the attack strain most likely originated at the US Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick (USAMRIID), Maryland. The new work also shows that substantial genetic differences can emerge in two samples of an anthrax culture separated for only three years. This means the attacker's anthrax was not separated from its ancestors at USAMRIID for many generations.' 
  • Sep 2006 AnthraxInvestigation  Anthrax Articles From US News & World Report  ...  In 1999, while working at a Virginia defense company called SAIC, Hatfill commissioned a classified report that included an anthrax-by-mail scenario
  • Aug 26, 2002 Cheney speech, widely interpreted as main signal of Bush / Iraq war,  WMD, bio, chemical, nuclear.
  • Sept 18, 2002, " Miller's piece on the U.N. Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) cast doubt on its ability to uncover Iraqi WMD. She quoted David Kay as believing that U.N. inspectors were on a "mission impossible." "They are weaker" than an earlier inspection team, according to former inspector Richard Spertzel. Inspectors claimed that Hans Blix, UNMOVIC head and the chief chemical and biological weapons inspector, "had eliminated many of the more aggressive inspectors from his organization." NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • Oct 2002  FAS Update: " On this first anniversary of the anthrax attacks, a number of conclusions can be drawn even without an arrest by the FBI. First, the strain and properties of the weaponized anthrax found in the letters show that it originated within the U.S. biodefense program, where the necessary expertise and access are found. Government officials recognized that the anthrax source was domestic less than two weeks after they learned of the letters, and nothing in their investigation has led them to say otherwise since" more
  • What Really Happened - Israeli Spying Archives What Really Happened - Israeli Spying Archives
  • AJR article: Judith Miller, Washington bureau chief for The Progressive magazine.  Will eventually be compared to Jason Blair.  Abrams
  • Hollinger International, Conrad Black, Lady Barbara Amiel Black.  Hollinger publishes Chicago Sun-Times (Robert Novak), Jerusalem Post, Sydney Morning Herald.   Iraq4u
  • Karl Rove & Co, and Praxis List Company.  Bush Texas re-election campaign.  Texas Observer
  • Nov 07, 2001, "Tom Ridge dismissed the bentonite claim, but was ignored by the media
  • Nov 12, 2002, "Miller highlighted the preparation for, and likelihood of, Iraqi use of poison gas. "Iraq has ordered large quantities of a drug that can be used to counter the effects of nerve gas," she wrote. According to administration officials, "'If the Iraqis were going to use nerve agent, they would want to take such] steps to protect their own soldiers.'" NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • Dec 3 2002, the threat was biowarfare: "Iraq obtained a particularly virulent strain of smallpox from a Russian scientist," she wrote, citing an unnamed informant.  NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • Jan 24, 2002 Miller alluded again to the impotence of the international inspection regime, and the usefulness of Chalabi's defectors. Because international inspectors were unlikely to find evidence that Iraq was hiding weapons of mass destruction, she said, the Bush administration was preparing its own assessment that would rely heavily on Iraqi defectors. Some of the most valuable information came from a contractor who fled Iraq in 2001, she wrote. This informant, Haideri, whom Miller had discussed at length on December 20, claimed "that chemical and biological weapons laboratories were hidden beneath hospitals and inside presidential palaces."
  • Reporting on an interview with Hans Blix on January 30, 2003, she noted his contradiction of Secretary of State Colin Powell's claim that the inspectors "had found that Iraqi officials were hiding and moving illicit materials. . . . He had seen no persuasive indications of Iraqi ties to Al Qaeda. . .NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • Jan 12, 2003, Miller described the war to come. "President George] Bush told Iraqi opposition figures on Friday that he favored . . . a short military occupation after Saddam Hussein is out of power. . . . The dissidents assured him that American soldiers] would be greeted with 'sweets and flowers.'" NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • Apr 10, 2003 "Miller reached southern Iraq. At a suspect site, "sensors registered the presence of chemical agents. . . . The agricultural site was first reported as suspicious on April 6 after soldiers became nauseated and noticed welts on their hands. . . . The Iraqis had gone to great lengths to hide 11 or so 20-gallon drums . . . of a thin clear liquid." The liquid in the barrels turned out to be an organophosphate, used in pesticides, "though a sophisticated detector showed the presence of a nerve agent." NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • Apr 2003  Judith Miller's first dispatch from Baghdad, published on April 24, dutifully reported what unnamed sources had told her, not what she had seen. "American-led forces have occupied a vast warehouse complex in Baghdad filled with chemicals where Iraqi scientists are suspected of having tested unconventional agents. . . . Officials described] it as filled with broken parts and remnants of equipment consistent with a full-scale laboratory. This reporter was not permitted to visit the warehouse." Officials believed the information seemed to provide corroboration to accounts that Saddam Hussein continued expanding his weapons programs while claiming to have dismantled them, Judith Miller wrote. Three days later, on April 27, her account featured Nissar Hindawi, "a leading figure in Iraq's biological warfare program in the 1980s," who claimed Iraq had "'produced huge quantities'" of liquid anthrax and botulinum toxin. This informant had left the program in 1989, before the first Gulf War, and was described as "now in the protective custody of the Iraqi opposition leader Ahmad Chalabi."  continued: Herbert Abrams, Miller, WMD NFU page
  • June 2003   Truthout "In mid-June 2003, when former Ambassador Joseph Wilson's criticism against the White House's use of pre-war Iraq intelligence started to make national headlines, Vice President Dick Cheney told his former chief of staff and close confidant I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby to leak classified intelligence data on Iraq's nuclear ambitions to a legendary Washington journalist in order to undercut the charges made against the Bush administration by the former ambassador."  ...   
  • On June 27, 2003, Bob Woodward, the Pulitzer Prize winning reporter, became the first journalist to whom Libby leaked a portion of the classified National Intelligence Estimate that purportedly showed how Iraq tried to acquire yellowcake uranium from Niger.   full story
  • Global Research "...that the anthrax threat from Iraq, a repeatedly cited reason for the 2003 invasion of that country, actually originated from a dead cow in South Oxfordshire."
  • June 2003 Washington Post In a startling development reported in today's Washington Post, it now appears that Bob Woodward was the first reporter to whom a senior administration official leaked the identity of CIA operative Valerie Plame.  file  Libby indictment Washington Post
  • July 17, 2003  Wikipedia On the morning of July 17, 2003, David Kelly was working as usual at home in . .... One of the e-mails he sent that day was to New York Times journalist Judith Miller, 11] who had used Kelly as a source in a book on bioterrorism, to whom Kelly mentioned "many dark actors playing games." Oxfordshire  and AccessMyLibrary  Scoop, The Murder of David Kelly
  • Sibel Edmonds
  • Dec 20, 2003  "This informant, Haideri, whom Miller had discussed at length on December 20, claimed "that chemical and biological weapons laboratories were hidden beneath hospitals and inside presidential palaces." (As Landay pointed out in May 2004, when taken back to Iraq in early 2004 by the Iraq Survey Group, Haideri was unable "to identify a single site associated with illegal weapons.") NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • Global Research: "Moreover, there has been a widespread campaign on to link the threat of al-Qaida with that of a mass biological attack. At least the day after September 11, the link - as the Anthrax mailings had yet to arise - was not so apparent. Yet on PBS' Frontline, the New York Times' Judith Miller (no apparent relation to John Miller, as far as I'm aware), accompanied by the New York Times' James Risen, was interviewed as an expert on al-Qaida. Several weeks later, Judith Miller would once more make the headlines as the apparent recipient of an anthrax mailing which turned out to be a false alarm - yet was all the same conveniently timed with the well-publicized launching of her book on...germ warfare. As was later discovered, the anthrax mailings petered out once the news leaked that a DNA test revealed the material to be of the Ames strain of anthrax, an agent synthesized out of a CIA laboratory in Fort Detrick, Maryland.  Nevertheless, this was sufficient to fast-track Bioport's exclusive license for the anthrax vaccine toward FDA approval. Formerly, Bioport's experimental anthrax vaccine was being forcibly administered - under threat of court-martial - to hundreds of thousands of American servicemen (in conformity with Bioport's exclusive and lucrative contract with the Department of Defense)". more
  • April 28, 2003 "...there seemed to be a note of irritation in Miller's reporting. "There are no chemical weapons at a site where American troops said they had found chemical agents and mobile labs." Repeatedly, early reports of discoveries "come to naught." The elaborate system created by Pentagon planners "has not worked out," she wrote.
  •  (http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/week_
  • Apr 6, 2004, Judith Miller connections ... "... how U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald of Chicago "had quite aggressively investigated another Bush White House leak in late 2001 and early 2002. Fitzgerald had been investigating three Islamic charities accused of supporting terrorism -- the Holy Land Foundation, the Global Relief Foundation, and the Benevolence International Foundation.  
  • Apr 6, 2004, Josh Marshall reported
  • Judith Miller, New York Times, Chalabi, Woolsey --- war propagandists
  • May 8, 2003 "Miller provided cover for Powell's description of Iraqi mobile bioweapons laboratories, which he had offered in a speech to the United Nations in February 2003. "A joint British-American team of experts had concluded that a tractor-trailer truck found in northern Iraq several weeks ago could be a mobile biological weapons lab," Miller wrote. A defector said it was for the production of biological agents. " NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • May 12, 2003 "Miller's last dispatch from Iraq recorded the discovery of "the strongest source of radiation found so far in Iraq, at a long-abandoned test range near Amiriya. . . . The material] could be used to make 'dirty bombs.'"  NFU Herbert Abrams page
  • 2004 Wikipedia  
  • 2005 Wikipedia  
  • June 27, 2005 Miller goes to jail.  search Jailhouse Crock Judith Miller is the Judas of Journalism.  This article accuser Miller of being a fake martyr and actually obstructing justice for personal gain.  and Antiwar
  • July 2005 Wikipedia In July of 2005, Miller was jailed for contempt of court for refusing to testify before a federal grand jury investigating a leak naming Valerie Plame as a covert CIA agent. Miller did not write about Plame, but was reportedly in possession of evidence relevant to the leak investigation. According to a subpoena, Miller met with an unnamed government official — later revealed to be I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby
  • July 17, 2005 Woodward, Kurtz interview, CNN transcripts, file  KURTZ: Judith Miller in jail for protecting her sources, an act of conscience, paying a heavy price, but isn't there a minimal public sympathy for her because these sources were not exposing wrongdoing as Deep Throat did, but were outing a CIA operative?  
  • Nov 27, 2005  Washington Post Woodward Apologizes to Post for Silence ...  "Bob Woodward apologized to The Washington Post yesterday for failing to reveal for more than two years that a senior Bush administration official had told him about CIA operative Valerie Plame    ....  Woodward said he realized that his June 2003 conversation with the unnamed official had greater significance after Libby was described in an indictment as having been the first administration official to tell a reporter -- the Times' Miller -- about Plame
  • Molly Ivins link
  • 2006 Wikipedia  
  • Aug 25, 2006 History Commons  Autumn 2006: FBI Anthrax Investigation Finally Stops Suspecting Only Hatfill ...    According to a later report by the Los Angeles Times, the FBI’s investigation into the 2001 anthrax attacks (see October 2001) remains “fixated” on suspect Steven Hatfill into late 2006. Senior FBI agent Richard Lambert took over as head of the investigation in late 2002, and kept the focus on Hatfill. The change in focus comes just after August 25, 2006, when Lambert is removed as head of the investigation and reassigned to be the head of an FBI field office instead
  • Sep 2006 AnthraxInvestigation  Anthrax Articles From US News & World Report  ...  In 1999, while working at a Virginia defense company called SAIC, Hatfill commissioned a classified report that included an anthrax-by-mail scenario
  • Salon 2006
  • 2007 Wikipedia  
  • Salon Judith Miller Memories and search terms: Major General Douglas Stone, 
  • 2007 WhiteWraithe Greenwald details how immediately after the anthrax attacks four “well-placed sources” independently reported to ABC that preliminary lab results definitively linked the anthrax to Iraq by tell-tale traces of the compound bentonite. ABC’s Brian Ross broadcast this news loudly and long, and thereby vastly influenced public opinion linking Saddam to 9/11, but there is not and never was an iota of truth to these reports: bentonite was never detected by those tests. ABC kept the secret of this false leak until 2007; ABC knows its “well-placed sources” Salon WhiteWraithe Green file betonite.
  • Mar 11, 2007  History Commons Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA) tells 60 Minutes that he has looked into the investigation of the 2001 anthrax attacks (see October 2001), and has concluded that there was leaking by top government officials—not to shut down the sole publicly named suspect, Steven Hatfill, but to disguise a lack of progress in the investigation. Asked if he has any evidence that government officials knowingly planted false information in the press, Grassley replies, “I believe the extent to which they wanted the public to believe that they were making great progress in this case, and the enormous pressure they had after a few years to show that, yes, that they was very much misleading the public.” ... CBS News, 3/11/2007]
  • Nov 1, 2007   History Commons November 1, 2007: FBI Secretly Raids House of Anthrax Suspect Ivins, Bars Him from Access to Dangerous Toxins at USAMRIID The house of Bruce Ivins. Source: Rob Carr / Associated Press]The FBI has recently begun to suspect that Bruce Ivins, a scientist working at USAMRIID, the US Army’s top biological laboratory, was behind the 2001 anthrax attacks. His home is searched by the FBI, but no report of this makes the newspapers. On the same day, USAMRIID cuts off his access to the laboratories where biological agents and toxins are used and stored. However, he continues to work at USAMRIID without such access until July 2008, when he will be completely banned from the lab (see July 10, 2008). Herald-Mail, 8/8/2008]
  • 2008 Wikipedia  
  • Feb 19, 2008 A judge says that the FBI has no evidence against Steven Hatfill, who has been the only publicly named suspect so far in the 2001 anthrax attacks (see October 2001). Reggie Walton, the federal judge presiding over a lawsuit brought by Hatfill against the Justice Department and the FBI for damaging his reputation, says in court, “There is not a scintilla of evidence that would indicate that Dr. Hatfill had anything to do with the anthrax attacks].” Walton has reviewed four still secret FBI memos about the status of the anthrax investigation. Los Angeles Times, 6/28/2008] Later in the year, Hatfill will settle with the government and will be awarded $6 million (see June 27, 2008).
  • June 27, 2008  History Commons "Steven Hatfill, who was called a “person of interest” in the FBI’s investigation into the 2001 anthrax attacks (see October 2001), agrees to a $5.82 million payment from the government to settle his legal claim that the Justice Department and the FBI ruined his career and invaded his privacy. Hatfill was the main focus of the anthrax investigation for several years, but was never arrested or charged. A federal judge presiding over his lawsuit recently said there “is not a scintilla of evidence” linking him to the attacks. The government does not formally admit any wrongdoing as part of the settlement, but the payout is widely viewed as an exoneration for Hatfill. For instance, the Los Angeles Times calls Hatfill “all but exonerated.” No witnesses or physical evidence were ever produced to link Hatfill to the attacks. Rep. Rush Holt (D) says the government’s payout to Hatfill confirms that the anthrax investigation “was botched from the very beginning.…"
  • Aug 1 2008 Wikipedia In mid 2008, the FBI focused on Ivins and told him about 
  • Bradblog  Washington Post changes story  (originalAug 1, 2008 "Ivins had "no access to dry, powdered anthrax" at the Fort Detrick lab where he worked"   and  (changed) Aug 2, 2008 "As a researcher for the Army's main lab for studying bioterror agents, Ivins had easy access to anthrax bacteria, including the specific strain of Bacillus anthracis used in the attacks on media outlets and congressional offices in the fall of 2001." no correction?
  • Aug 3, 2008 Raw Story Daschle criticizes anthrax story ... "Tom Ridge, Bush's Homeland Security secretary at the time of the anthrax attacks, said he did not know what evidence the FBI had uncovered against Ivins"  and still mentioning 'overseas'....
  • Aug 6 2008 Wikipedia Federal prosecutors declared Bruce Edwards Ivins the sole culprit in the crime, 
  • Aug 7, 2008 Sen Grassley, 18 questions  Anthrax Investigation  and more
  • Aug 8 2008 Wikipedia Sen. Charles Grassley and Rep. Rush Holt called for congressional hearings.
  • Bradblog  Washington Post changes story  (original)  "Ivins had "no access to dry, powdered anthrax" at the Fort Detrick lab where he worked"   and  (changed) "As a researcher for the Army's main lab for studying bioterror agents, Ivins had easy access to anthrax bacteria, including the specific strain of Bacillus anthracis used in the attacks on media outlets and congressional offices in the fall of 2001.
  • go to: Timeline continued on Carlyle Group page
 

Source: New York Times, August 5, 2002. and UCLA, Dept of Epidemiology, School of Public Health Anthrax Vaccine Maker Calls Finances Shaky

By JUDITH MILLER

LANSING, Mich., Aug. 1 -- The nation's sole producer of anthrax vaccine says it is in financial jeopardy because the Bush administration has failed to say how much vaccine it intends to buy, preventing it from selling vaccine to foreign and private customers at much higher prices.  But the Pentagon has been unable to tell BioPort precisely how much more vaccine the government intends to order because several civilian agencies have not given the military budget commitments to pay for the vaccine they want, despite months of discussion. "Negotiations are ongoing and will be successful," a senior homeland security official said. "Sometimes talks go quickly; sometimes they don't."

The anthrax vaccine is at the heart of the Bush administration's effort to protect American soldiers and civilians against another mass exposure to the deadly pathogen, which last fall killed 5 people, sickened about 17 and led more than 20,000 people to take antibiotics.  The impasse comes at a time when the Bush administration is vowing to oust Saddam Hussein of Iraq, who is believed to be storing thousands of gallons of anthrax that could be used as weapons in war or terrorism.

Senior BioPort executives disclosed that the Department of Defense is paying about $20 a dose for the vaccine, or more than three times the original price negotiated three years ago, and Pentagon officials confirmed this. But company officials say that even this price, while acceptable now, is too low to enable BioPort to make the long-term investments it needs to survive.  "This company is a unique resource," Mr. Kramer said. "It's crazy for us as a business to risk our financial viability due to government indecision. Our long-term viability is at risk given the current situation."

Bush administration officials say that they understand the company's predicament but that BioPort is partly responsible for it because of faulty business assumptions, repeated failures to meet requirements of the Food and Drug Administration and overly optimistic assumptions about its ability to produce vaccine. In June, for instance, the company threw out about 180,000 doses of vaccine it deemed substandard -- the equivalent of two weeks' production.

In late June, the Pentagon announced a new anthrax vaccination policy, which reversed a plan by the Clinton administration to immunize all 2.4 million people in the military. The new policy limits vaccinations to soldiers in areas with a "higher risk" of exposure, widely reported to be the Middle East and the Korean peninsula.  The policy also commits the administration to stockpiling for civilian use from 40 percent to half of the vaccine produced for the Pentagon. Soldiers are being vaccinated now, while civilians -- mostly police officers, firefighters, rescue crews and other "first responders" -- would receive shots only after exposure to anthrax.  While BioPort says confusion exists in the government over how much vaccine should be ordered for both the military and civilians, some Bush administration officials blamed bureaucratic wrangling between civilian agencies and the Pentagon for the delay.

The Department of Homeland Security, which is being created, is supposed to take charge of such orders, but in the interim the Defense Department has been coordinating orders of vaccine for itself and for several civilian agencies that want to stockpile the vaccine to protect government employees overseas, along with F.B.I. and other law enforcement agents, state and local emergency personnel and health workers.

Providing immunity to the lethal anthrax spore is not easy. The Food and Drug Administration says that six shots given over 18 months and a yearly booster should be given to ensure protection. But new federal studies suggest that three shots of the vaccine may be enough, though the F.D.A. has not approved this. Pentagon officials disclosed on Friday that 68,000 people on active duty in the military had received all six shots and that 440,000 had received at least two shots.]

go to NFU Carlyle Group page

 

  • source: Sourcewatch Judith Miller, Three Islamic Charities tip-off

    Miller and Special Prosecutor Fitzgerald Part 1

    On April 6, 2004, Josh Marshall reported (http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/week_2004_04_04.php#002807) how U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald of Chicago "had quite aggressively investigated another Bush White House leak in late 2001 and early 2002. Fitzgerald had been investigating three Islamic charities accused of supporting terrorism -- the Holy Land Foundation, the Global Relief Foundation, and the Benevolence International Foundation. But just before his investigators could swoop in with warrants December 14, 2001], two of the charities in question got wind of what was coming and, apparently, were able to destroy a good deal of evidence.     ...      "What tipped them off were calls from two reporters at the New York Times who'd been leaked information about the investigation by folks at the White House.    ...   "One of those two reporters was Judy Miller." The other was New York Times reporter Philip Shenon. 3] (http://www.tpmcafe.com/story/2005/7/7/1148/62336)

    Marshall's point in April 2004 wasn't that "the White House did something else wrong," in fact, he wrote, he was "told that in this case the White House really hadn't done anything improper at all."    ...     However, "Fitzgerald was pissed and apparently went after them very aggressively -- and this for a case in which," he was told, "there really wasn't much to go after," which "might be something to keep in mind when figuring how the Plame investigation might play out." 4] (http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/week_2004_04_04.php#002807)

  • Wikipedia Islamic Charities, Judith Miller, "Leaked information concerning the search of Islamic charities Shortly after the September 11 terrorist attacks, the U.S. government was considering adding the Holy Land Foundation to a list of organizations with suspected links to terrorism and was planning to search the premises of the organization. The disclosure of this information by a government agent could constitute a violation of criminal law, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 793(d). The information about the impending search was given to Miller by a confidential source. On December 3, 2001, Miller telephoned the Holy Land Foundation for comment before the search took place. The New York Times published an article in the late edition papers and on its website that day. The next day, the government searched HLF's offices. These occurrences led to a lawsuit brought by Patrick Fitzgerald, New York Times v. Gonzales, 459 F.3d 160 (2006).  continued on Carlyle page

 
Bob Woodward, book, Sept 8, 2008, Robert "Bob" Upshur Woodward, assistant managing editor, Washington Post, investigative reporter, ... Carl Bernstein, search terms: uncover Watergate,  Nixon, resignation, 12 best-selling books, Pulitzer Prize, served in the Navy as an aid to Chief of Naval Operations, Moorer, met Mark Felt, FBI Assistant Director, deepthroat, inside source on Watergate, book 'The Secret Man', DNC convention, 1972, wrote All the President's Men, Redford Hoffman movie, Ben Bradlee, editor, reporting on 'Nixon dirty tricks, Woodward interviewed Bush 43 four times, books: Bush at War, Plan of Attack, State of Denial: Bush at War, Part III, with Dan Balz, Camp David, Worldwide Attack Matrix, too close to Bush, Kerry, involvement in Plame scandal: deposition to Fitzpatrick, told him senior administration official leaked Plame identity to him in June 2003, November 2005 article revealed his special knowledge, casual, offhand by Armitage, part of confidential conversation of a 'source', asked Libby questions about Armitage, interview on CNN Larry King, junkyard dog prosecutor, consequences of Plame outing not that great, Downie, inaccuracies, inconsistencies, exaggerations, fabrications in books: John Dean and Ed Gray: Felt not the only deepthroat, also Donald Santarelli. Brad DeLong: in Maestro and The Agenda, The Choice, Clinton Whitewater inconsistencies, abandon critical inquiry to maintain access to high-profile actors, for glory, stenographer to the rich and powerful, At the Eye of the Storm, see Maureen Dowd, and The Brethren, and his sitting on information for publication of a book, The Commanders ...Powell opposed Operation Desert Storm, published after war voted for in Congress,  and Veil  he did not reveal that William Casey knew of arms sales to the Contras until after the investigations, and see Martin Dardis ... Watergate burglars, and Committee to Re-elect the President, ...and accused of fabricating deathbead interview with Casey, ... Reagan called him a liar, for whatever that's worth, and other books: Wired, Shadow,
Anthrax, Research Resouces    top
PROGRESSIVE REFERENCE CONSERVATIVE
  • FDA search
  • Hartford Courant "The Hartford Courant reported last January that 27 sets of biological toxin specimens were reported missing from Fort Detrick after an inventory was conducted in 1992. The paper reported that among the specimens missing was the Ames strain on anthrax" source: WMR
  • UCLA dept of Epidemiology, Bioterrism
  • National CFIDS Foundation Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction,  ME, Myalgic Encephalopathy
  • UCLA, Dept of Epidemiology, School of Public Health
  • Safety Alerts consumer product safety recall info, news
  • UCLA, Dept of Epidemiology, School of Public Health
  • William Luti, Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs
  • Lawrence A. Franklin
  •  Stanford University "Steven Block , an expert on biological warfare, told The Dallas Morning News that, 'The American process for preparing anthrax is secret in its details, but experts know that it produces an extremely pure powder. One gram (a mere 28th of an ounce) contains a trillion spores . . . A trillion spores per gram is basically solid spore . . . It appears from all reports so far that this was a powder made with the so-called optimal U.S. recipe . . . That means they either had to have information from the United States or maybe they were the United States.' (author's emphasis)". source: WMR
  • 911Review, "as a CIA contractor, partnered with Bioport for America's sole anthrax vaccine production. Bioport-largely owned by Britain's top secret biowarfare consortium PortonDown, bin Laden family associate Faud El Hibri, Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr., a former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and others (including, according to some investigators, the multinational investment firm and defense contractor, the Carlyle Management Group, that managed bin Laden family millions prior to 9-11, directed by past CIA director Frank Carlucci, James Baker III (->), and Past President George H.W. Bush)"
Judith Miller flow chart
Bioport, Vaccinations, Court Martial    top
PROGRESSIVE  REFERENCE CONSERVATIVE*
INSLAW case murders

Alan Standorf  An employee of the National Security Agency in electronic intelligence. Standorf was a source of information for Danny Casalaro who was investigating INSLAW, BCCI, etc. Standorf's body was found in the backseat of a car at Washington National Airport on Jan 31, 1991.  Etherzone   42inc   NFU Jackson Stephens research

Larry Guerrin Was killed in February 1987 while investigating the INSLAW case. Etherzone  42inc  and NFU Jackson Stephens research

Dennis Eisman An attorney with information on INSLAW. Eisman was found shot to death on April 5, 1991. Etherzone  42inc NFU Jackson Stephens research

Ian Spiro Spiro had supporting documentation for grand jury proceedings on the INSLAW case. His wife and 3 children were found murdered on November 1, 1992 in their home. They all died of gunshot wounds to the head. Ian's body was found several days later in a parked car in the Borego Desert. Cause of death? The ingestion of cyanide. FBI report indicated that Ian had murdered his family and then committed suicide. Etherzone 42inc NFU Jackson Stephens research  websites 

Anthrax Mailings Inquiries Lead to Battelle/Bioport 
Anthrax Mailings Inquiries Lead to Battelle/Bioport  By Ingri Cassel-208/265-2575; 800/336-9266  donavan posted this on Sunday, January 27, 2002

Sandpoint, ID - Battelle Memorial Institute (BMI) is increasingly becoming the central suspect in the anthrax   mailings investigation according to a growing number of independent investigators and newspapers initially tipped by a report released last Monday by Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz, a Harvard trained public health authority. The NY Times is the latest newspaper to include this West Jefferson, Ohio defense contractor that documents prove maintained close ties to the U.S. Army's Dugway "Life Sciences" center where the specific strain of anthrax was undergoing tests.

The Baltimore Sun reported this week that, contrary to popular belief, the Defense Department maintained a potentially offensive biological weapons program using the Aimes strain of anthrax identified at Dugway. They failed to report that BMI largely administered and supplied this "Life Sciences" facility wherein a "virtually identical" strain of anthrax had been tested. After circulating his 20-page report (See:

http://www.tetrahedron.org )to members congress and the press, Dr. Horowitz, the author of the prophetically titled book, "Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare", contacted the William J. Broad, the anthrax mailings investigator for the New York Times, and co-author of "Germs", to discuss the accumulating evidence against BMI. "All roads lead to BMI," Broad agreed.

Two days later, Broad and his co-author, Judith Miller, wrote that BMI "participated in a secret Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) program, code-named 'Clear Vision'" begun in 1997, that allegedly used benign substances similar to anthrax.  The Horowitz report also argued that only someone with  national security clearances, such as CIA operatives assigned to this top secret program, could have commandeered the anthrax from BMI to the mailings sites such as Trenton, New Jersey. He said, "CIA personnel are increasingly implicated in light of these revelations."

Further implicating BMI and the CIA, both leading anthrax experts-America's William C. Patrick, III, and Russian defector, Kanatjan Alibekov-are BMI consultants and on the CIA's payroll, according to earlier published reports cited in the Horowitz report.

"The whole truth would be severely embarrassing to the Bush administration," Dr. Horowitz said. "HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson has, after all, commandeered a bioterrorism preparedness drug feeding frenzy. With five persons killed and thirteen others infected so far, military-industrial officials may be implicated in serial homicide, if not economic genocide, while 'wagging the dog' for drug and vaccine company profits."

Dr. Horowitz says that the Baltimore Sun report was highly significant regarding Dugway's "Life Sciences" Division. "'Death Sciences' seems to be a more accurate title for the lab largely developed, administered, and supplied by BMI where all roads appear to lead," Dr. Horowitz said.

Oct 1992 Holland plane crash, Sarin gas .... HistoryCommons  "El Al Flight LY1862, en route from New York to Tel Aviv, crashes into a block of apartment buildings shortly after take-off from Schiphol Airport, located south-east of Amsterdam. At least 43 people on the ground are killed (The exact number of deaths is unknown, since many of the incinerated victims were undocumented immigrants). Information about the plane’s cargo and the crash is suppressed: El Al withholds information about the plane’s several tons of “military cargo;” 12 hours of videotape made during the rescue and clean-up operation (42 cassettes in all), along with police audiotapes, are erased and shredded; and El Al documents and the plane’s cockpit voice recorder (CVR) mysteriously disappear. It is later learned that the plane, a Boeing 747, was carrying several tons of chemicals, including hydrofluoric acid, isopro-panol and dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP)—three of the four chemicals used in the production of sarin nerve gas. The shipment of chemicals—approved by the US commerce department—reportedly came from Solkatronic Chemicals Inc. of Morrisville, Pennsylvania and its final destination was the Institute for Biological Research (IIBR) in Ness Ziona near Tel Aviv, Israel, which is reported to be the “Israeli military and intelligence community’s front organization for the development, testing and production of chemical and biological weapons.” A former IIBR biologist later tells the London Sunday Times in October of 1998, “There is hardly a single known or unknown form of chemical or biological weapon… which is not manufactured at the institute.” In fact, it was IIBR that provided the poison and the antidote used in the attempted assassination of a Hamas leader in Jordan in 1998. The IIBR does not appear on any maps and is off-limits even to members of Israel’s Parliament, the Knesset. Israel denies that the chemicals were to be used in the production of chemical weapons and instead claims that they were needed to test gas masks. But as an article in Earth Island Journal notes: “ T]his explanation is puzzling since it only takes a few grams to conduct such tests. Once combined, the chemicals aboard Flight 1862 could have produced 270 kilos of sarin—sufficient to kill the entire population of a major world city.” During hearings on the crash in 1999, it is learned that since 1973, El Al planes are never inspected by customs or the Dutch Flight Safety Board and that El Al security at Schiphol is a branch of the Israeli Mossad. Furthermore, it is discovered that every Sunday evening a mysterious El Al cargo flight arrives at Schiphol en route from New York to Tel Aviv. The flights are never displayed on the airport arrival monitors and the flights’ documents are processed in a special, unmarked room. BBC, 10/2/1998; Earth Island Journal, 1999; Covert Action Quarterly, 10/20/2004] Over a thousand residents living near the crash site later become sick with respiratory, neurological and mobility ailments and a rise in cancer and birth defects is later detected among the population. ZNet,"
excerpt from Centre for Research on Globalization, Propaganda Preparation for 9/11

Moreover, there has been a widespread campaign on to link the threat of al-Qaida with that of a mass biological attack. At least the day after September 11, the link - as the Anthrax mailings had yet to arise - was not so apparent. Yet on PBS' Frontline, the New York Times' Judith Miller (no apparent relation to John Miller, as far as I'm aware), accompanied by the New York Times' James Risen, was interviewed as an expert on al-Qaida. Several weeks later, Judith Miller would once more make the headlines as the apparent recipient of an anthrax mailing which turned out to be a false alarm - yet was all the same conveniently timed with the well-publicized launching of her book on...germ warfare. As was later discovered, the anthrax mailings petered out once the news leaked that a DNA test revealed the material to be of the Ames strain of anthrax, an agent synthesized out of a CIA laboratory in Fort Detrick, Maryland.  Nevertheless, this was sufficient to fast-track Bioport's exclusive license for the anthrax vaccine toward FDA approval. Formerly, Bioport's experimental anthrax vaccine was being forcibly administered - under threat of court-martial - to hundreds of thousands of American servicemen (in conformity with Bioport's exclusive and lucrative contract with the Department of Defense).

...... Judith Miller, along with Jerry Hauer, was among 17 "key" participants in a biowarfare exercise known as "Dark Winter" - a think tank-funded scenario that aimed to study the nationwide effects of a hypothetical smallpox outbreak.  One of the sponsors of that exercise was the Anser Institute of Homeland Security, an organization established before September 11, 2001.  Interestingly enough, the curious phrase "homeland security" was starting to creep up with increasing frequency in the vocabularies of certain political cliques (Dick Cheney, the Hart-Rudman Commission, et al.) in the year or two leading up to 9/11. 

 

Judith Miller, NY Times, August 2004, Anthrax article:
Wrangling Impedes Transfer Of Civilian Anthrax Vaccine  LinkedinDiggFacebookMixxYahoo! By JUDITH MILLER Published: August 20, 2004 ...Despite pledges two years ago to maintain a stockpile of drugs to protect Americans in the event of a bioterrorism attack, the federal government has so far set aside only 159 vials of anthrax vaccine for the civilian population enough for only 530 people, according to congressional and administration officials.  ...  The officials said the failure to transfer more of the vaccine from military to civilian control was caused by legal and bureaucratic wrangling among government agencies. They also cited the government's desire to buy a new vaccine that is potentially both cheaper and more efficient. That vaccine has not yet been approved by the Food and Drug Administration.   ...   Spokesmen for the Pentagon and the Department of Health and Human Services denied that the delay would imperil the well-being of civilians, saying that BioPort, the nation's sole producer of licensed anthrax vaccine, was storing nearly a million doses -- enough for more than 330,000 people.   ...   ''The bottom line is: if there is a civilian crisis that would require vaccination of the population, there is enough anthrax vaccine to do that,'' said Bill Pierce, a spokesman for the Department of Health and Human Services. ''It would just take a phone call to get that vaccine transferred from the Pentagon to the stockpile,'' he said, dismissing the delays to ''paperwork that will get done.''   ...   But a spokesman for BioPort and Pentagon officials said that the doses being stored are intended for the military, which announced in June that it was expanding its anthrax and smallpox vaccination program. If those doses were used by civilians in an emergency, officials said, military vaccinations would have to be curtailed or scaled back.   ...   Michael Zamiara, the chief financial officer of BioPort, in Lansing, Mich., said the military had first call on its vaccine. ''We must run a business,'' he said. While the Department of Health and Human Services had indicated it wanted the vaccine for the civilian stockpile, he said, the agency had yet to ''pay us for it, or tell us how much it wants to buy.''   ...   Officials also said that the Bush administration had not implemented an interagency agreement signed last April, a copy of which was provided to The Times, in which the Pentagon agreed to provide at least two million doses of anthrax vaccine to the civilian stockpile by the end of this fiscal year, or Sept. 30.   ...   ''It is a shocking lack of preparedness to have only 159 vials set aside for civilian use when we know that Al Qaeda would not hesitate to launch an anthrax attack against the United States,'' said Rep. Jim Turner, Democrat of Texas, the ranking member of the House select committee on homeland security, which has been investigating the state of the nation's strategic stockpiles.   ...   Jerome Hauer, a former assistant secretary with the Department of Health and Human Services in the Bush administration, said the months of infighting over such issues as who would indemnify BioPort for its vaccine reflected a lack of priority on biodefense.   ...   ''We now have bureaucrats and lawyers running bioterrorism preparedness,'' said Mr. Hauer, who heads a biodefense center at George Washington University.   ...   The vaccine issue has been complicated by Congress's recent transfer of control of the civilian stockpile from the Department of Homeland Security back to the Department of Health and Human Services.   ...   Many scientists at the health agency favor a new recombinant vaccine that may require fewer shots and be faster to make.   
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Democracy Rising "Congressman Edward J. Markey (D-MA) has taken the lead on working toward ending torture by U.S. officials or by "rendition" of suspects to foreign governments for torture there. He has introduced, along with 48 colleauges, H.R. 952 the Torture Outsourcing Prevention Act FAS Italy kidnappings, torture, U.S.  Secret prisons, prison ships, planes, Italy, kidnapping. CBS News Extraordinary Rendition..."the government policy wherein terror suspects are transferred from U.S. control into the control of foreign governments, so that interrogation methods that are not permitted under U.S. law may be applied to the suspects" International Criminal Court Protection New York Times : Bush: Iraq War prisoners not entitled to Geneva Convention rules Alternet search, 9/11 Center for Defense Information arms trade, children in war, missile defense info Findlaw, War on Terrorism Special coverage  Global Policy Watching Zionism, 9/11 News from Russia  Pravda, Israel, search Non Violence USA International Relations and Security Network, Swiss Contribution to the Partnership for Peace Newstrove, Guantanamo Bay World Court, International Court of Justice American Center for Law and Justice search American Conservative Union Action Alert lobbyists  Anti Terrorism Coalition, Islam is taking over the orld  BioPort anthrax vaccine manufacturer KOLIsrael Danger Zone Jobs.com Debka File search National Review search on zionist, 9/11  National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace Whitehouse, Bush, Cheney, 'war on terrorism' Alternet search, Guantanamo Amnesty International, UK Guantanamo Bay, latest news, releases Center for Constitutional Rights, watching the events of Guantanamo, detainees, Supreme Court decisions. Center for Defense Information arms trade, children in war, missile defense info FAS search National Intelligence estimate  Global Policy Watching Guantanamo Here-Now, Supreme Court decision on Guantanamo  and related stories. Boston NPR News Source  Human Rights Watch News from Russia  Pravda, Israel, search Palast, Greg, UK  Guantanamo search. Discourse.net CIA, Pentagon inquiry  Findlaw, War on Terrorism Special coverage Guantanamo.com from World News International Relations and Security Network, Swiss Contribution to the Partnership for Peace International Committee of the Red Cross, why did they wait months to report Iraq prison abuse.  Newstrove, Guantanamo Bay Human Rights First, formerly Lawyers Committee for Human Rights Justice, Dept of  press releases  Judicial Watch   World Court, International Court of Justice American Center for Law and Justice search American Conservative Union  Anti Terrorism Coalition, Islam is taking over the world Action Alert help ACU lobby Congress on these issues   Council on Foreign Relations corporate power to rural poor Republicans Debka File search Global Security Guantanamo Bay, Camp X-Ray. Guantanamo Bay Naval Station official site. Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs National Review search on Guantanamo Bay, Rich Lowry Townhall search Washington Institute for Near East Policy US   

Anthrax Vaccination Immunization Program Army cover-up Carlyle, Group.net, Center for Defense Information arms trade research, info on children in war, missile defense info Gulf War Vets Anthrax vaccine deaths info IACenter Founded by Ramsey Clark, supports DLC,  News from Russia  Pravda, Israel,   News Insider  New World Peace, FBI incriminated in anthrax mailings, see NucNews,  Palestinian Non-Governmental Organization's, Network rule of law, social justice, respect for Human Rights, links Vaccination Liberation hoax info, links Vaccination News vaccines, autism, shaken baby syndrome. links What Really Happened anthrax hoax  FDA search UCLA dept of Epidemiology, Bioterrorism, National CFIDS Foundation, Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction, ME, Myalgic Encephalopathy, Safety Alerts consumer product safety recall info, news UCLA, Dept of Epidemiology, School of Public Health  Agilent Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program  Official U.S. site Battelle Memorial Institute develops new tech, commercializes products  Bayer, has Cipro patent, anthrax. BioMed Central, the-Scientist.com, news, BioPort anthrax vaccine manufacturer  CIDRAP Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy FDA News, Drug industry news, daily Gulf War Medical Research Library,  Harvard, Risk of death, bioterrorism, 1 in 56 million is chance of death from terrorist, Hollister-Stier Labs in partnership with BioPort National Acadamies, Press articles on Agent Orange, dioxins, TCDD National Center for Biotechnology Information National Library of Medicine, NIH NTI Security News  PNNL, neural network, protein research, operated by Battelle, with Agilent  TEVA Pharma, Cipro, patent, anthrax vaccine

 

FBI lab reports on anthrax attacks suggest another miscue  McClatchy

WASHINGTON — Buried in FBI laboratory reports about the anthrax mail attacks that killed five people in 2001 is data suggesting that a chemical may have been added to try to heighten the powder's potency, a move that some experts say exceeded the expertise of the presumed killer.

The lab data, contained in more than 9,000 pages of files that emerged a year after the Justice Department closed its inquiry and condemned the late Army microbiologist Bruce Ivins as the perpetrator, shows unusual levels of silicon and tin in anthrax powder from two of the five letters.

Those elements are found in compounds that could be used to weaponize the anthrax, enabling the lethal spores to float easily so they could be readily inhaled by the intended victims, scientists say.

The existence of the silicon-tin chemical signature offered investigators the possibility of tracing purchases of the more than 100 such chemical products available before the attacks, which might have produced hard evidence against Ivins or led the agency to the real culprit.

But the FBI lab reports released in late February give no hint that bureau agents tried to find the buyers of additives such as tin-catalyzed silicone polymers.

The apparent failure of the FBI to pursue this avenue of investigation raises the ominous possibility that the killer is still on the loose.

A McClatchy analysis of the records also shows that other key scientific questions were left unresolved and conflicting data wasn't sorted out when the FBI declared Ivins the killer shortly after his July 29, 2008, suicide.

One chemist at a national laboratory told McClatchy that the tin-silicone findings and the contradictory data should prompt a new round of testing on the anthrax powder.

A senior federal law enforcement official, who was made available only on the condition of anonymity, said the FBI had ordered exhaustive tests on the possible sources of silicon in the anthrax and concluded that it wasn't added. Instead, the lab found that it's common for anthrax spores to incorporate environmental silicon and oxygen into their coatings as a "natural phenomenon" that doesn't affect the spores' behavior, the official said.

To arrive at that position, however, the FBI had to discount its own bulk testing results showing that silicon composed an extraordinary 10.8 percent of a sample from a mailing to the New York Post and as much as 1.8 percent of the anthrax from a letter sent to Democratic Sen. Patrick Leahy of Vermont, far more than the occasional trace contamination. Tin — not usually seen in anthrax powder at all — was measured at 0.65 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively, in those letters.

An FBI spokesman declined to comment on the presence of tin or to answer other questions about the silicon-tin connection.

Several scientists and former colleagues of Ivins argue that he was a career biologist who probably lacked the chemistry knowledge and skills to concoct a silicon-based additive.

"There's no way that an individual scientist can invent a new way of making anthrax using silicon and tin," said Stuart Jacobsen, a Texas-based analytical chemist for an electronics company who's closely studied the FBI lab results. "It requires an institutional effort to do this, such as at a military lab."

Martin Hugh-Jones, a world-renowned anthrax expert who teaches veterinary medicine at Louisiana State University, called it "just bizarre" that the labs found both tin — which can be toxic to bacteria such as anthrax during lab culturing — and silicon.

"You have two elements at abnormally high levels," Hugh-Jones said. "That reduces your probability to a very small number that it's an accident."

The silicon-tin connection wasn't the only lead left open in one of the biggest investigations in FBI history, an inquiry that took the bureau to the cutting edge of laboratory science. In April, McClatchy reported that after locking in on Ivins in 2007, the bureau stopped searching for a match to a unique genetic bacterial strain scientists had found in the anthrax that was mailed to the Post and to NBC News anchor Tom Brokaw, although a senior bureau official had characterized it as the hottest clue to date.

FBI officials say it's all a moot point, because they're positive they got the right man in Ivins. A mentally troubled anthrax researcher at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Md., Ivins overdosed on drugs not long after learning that he'd soon face five counts of capital murder.

In ending the inquiry last year, the Justice Department said that a genetic fingerprint had pointed investigators to Ivins' lab, and gumshoe investigative techniques enabled them to compile considerable circumstantial evidence that demonstrated his guilt.

Among these proofs, prosecutors cited Ivins' alleged attempt to steer investigators away from a flask of anthrax in his lab that genetically matched the mailed powder — anthrax that had been shared with other researchers. They also noted his anger over a looming congressional cut in funds for his research on a new anthrax vaccine.

However, the FBI never found hard evidence that Ivins produced the anthrax or that he scrawled threatening letters seemingly meant to resemble those of Islamic terrorists. Or that he secretly took late-night drives to Princeton, N.J., to mail them.

The FBI declared Ivins the killer soon after paying $5.8 million to settle a suit filed by another former USAMRIID researcher, Steven Hatfill, whom the agency mistakenly had targeted earlier in its investigation.

Anthrax is one of the deadliest and most feared biological weapons. Once inhaled, microscopic anthrax spores germinate into rapidly multiplying, highly toxic bacteria that attack human tissue. The resulting illnesses are lethal within days if untreated.

The letters, mailed just weeks after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, not only went to the New York Post, Leahy and Brokaw, but also to American Media Inc. in Boca Raton, Fla., and to Democratic then-Sen. Tom Daschle of South Dakota. Five people died, 17 were sickened and about 31,000 were forced to take powerful antibiotics for weeks. Crews wearing moon suits spent several weeks eradicating the spores from a Senate office building and a central Postal Service facility in Washington.

The FBI guarded its laboratory's finding of 10.8 percent silicon in the Post letter for years. New York Democratic Rep. Jerrold Nadler asked FBI Director Robert Mueller how much silicon was in the Post and Leahy letters at a hearing before the House Judiciary Committee in September 2008. The Justice Department responded seven months later that silicon made up 1.4 percent of the Leahy powder (without disclosing the 1.8 percent reading) and that "a reliable quantitative measurement was not possible" for the Post letter.

The bureau's conclusions that silicon was absorbed naturally drew a gentle challenge in February from a panel of the National Academy of Sciences, which evaluated the investigation's lab work.

While finding no evidence that silicon had been added to the mailed anthrax, the panel noted deep in its report that the FBI had provided "no compelling explanation" for conflicts in silicon test results between the Sandia National Laboratories and its own lab.

Sandia — which used electron microscopes, unlike the FBI — reported only a tenth as much silicon in the New York Post letter as the bureau's lab did. Sandia said it was all embedded in the spore coatings, where it wasn't harmful.

The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology ran a third set of tests and found pockets of heavy silica concentrations, but it couldn't say whether they were inside or outside the spores.

Jacobsen, the Texas chemist, suspects that the silica pockets represented excess material that went through a chemical reaction and hardened before it could penetrate the spores.

The National Academy of Sciences panel wrote that the varying composition of the powder might have accounted for the differing findings.

While finding no evidence that silicon was added, the panel said it "cannot rule out the intentional addition of a silicon-based substance ... in a failed attempt to enhance dispersion" of the New York Post powder.

Tufts University chemistry professor David Walt, who led the panel's analysis of the silicon issue, said in a phone interview that "there was not enough silicon in the spores that could account for the total silicon content of the bulk analysis."

He said it was unclear whether the "trace" levels of tin were significant.

During the FBI's seven-year hunt, the Department of Homeland Security commissioned a team of chemists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California to grow anthrax-like spores under varying conditions to see how much silicon would end up naturally in the final product.

They found little, if any, silicon in most cases, far less than was in the New York Post letter, said Stephan Velsko, one of the two researchers. He called the tin readings from the FBI's anthrax data "baffling."

Peter Weber, Velsko's co-researcher, said the academy panel's focus on the conflicting data "raises a big question," and "it'd be really helpful for closure of this case if that was resolved."

He suggested that further "micro-analysis" with a highly sophisticated electron microscope could "pop the question marks really quickly."

In a chapter in a recently updated book, "Microbial Forensics," Velsko wrote that the anthrax "must have indeed been produced under an unusual set of conditions" to create such high silicon counts. That scenario, he cautioned, might not be "consistent with the prosecution narrative in this case."

About 100 tin-catalyzed silicone products are on the market, and an even wider array was available in 2000 and 2001, before the mailings, said Richie Ashburn, a vice president of one manufacturer, Silicones Inc., in High Point, N.C.

Mike Wilson, a chemist for another silicone products maker, SiVance, in Gainesville, Fla., said that numerous silicon products could be used to make spores or other particles water-repellent. He also said that the ratios of silicon to tin found in the Post and Leahy samples would be "about right" if a tin-catalyzed silicone had been added to the spores.

Jacobsen, a Scottish-born and -educated chemist who once experimented with silicon coatings on dust particles, said he got interested in the spore chemistry after hearing rumors in late 2001 that a U.S. military facility had made the killer potions. He called it "outrageous" that the scientific issues haven't been addressed.

"America, the most advanced country in the world, and the FBI have every resource available to them," he said. "And yet they have no compelling explanation for not properly analyzing the biggest forensic clue in the most important investigation the FBI labs had ever gotten in their history."

As a result of Ivins' death and the unanswered scientific issues, Congress' investigative arm, the Government Accountability Office, is investigating the FBI's handling of the anthrax inquiry.

Read more: http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2011/05/19/114467/fbi-lab-reports-on-anthrax-attacks.html#disqus_thread#ixzz1NBATiXZ1

 

WMR Guest article: Concerns Continue to Mount on U.S. Bioweapons Violations    Anthony Freda Illustration Janet C. Phelan, Contributing Writer Activist Post
The Center for Disease Control has declined to confirm or deny allegations that the United States government is stockpiling biological and/or chemical weapons at Sierra Army Depot, a military base in Northern California.

According to Ron Davenport, who was a biomedical engineer who worked at the medical clinic at Sierra Army depot in the seventies, the base at one time contained a stockpile of nuclear weapons. Davenport states that much of the base is actually underground. This reporter has obtained the testimony of a civilian contractor with a security clearance who has stated that the nukes have been replaced by large vats of liquid.

In an interview this week with Lori Bane, Associate Director for Policy with the CDC Division of Select Agents and Toxins and Von Roebuck, CDC Public Affairs officer, the two also declined to confirm or deny the existence of a number of biological safety labs level 4. The level 4 labs, called BSL-4.s, handle the most dangerous germs known to man, including Ebola, Marburg and Argentine hemorrhagic virus.

The CDC is charged with the responsibility of registering labs which work with “select agents” and toxins. The labs range from Levels 1 to 4, and are designated in terms of their containment capacity. The 3’s and 4’s handle the really nasty bugs, some of which have no known treatment or cure and pose a grave threat to human life.

Bane and Roebuck maintain that there are only six operational BSL-4’s within the borders of the United States. However, a number of other BSL-4’s appear to be now operational. Biosecurity.org lists eleven. The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) has counted thirteen, with some questions as to whether all the labs are operational at this point in time. The University of North Carolina has counted fifteen.

When this reporter did a “roll call,” running down the entire FAS list, Bane began to fidget. Asked if there were an operational BSL-4 in Galveston, Texas, she responded that she “didn’t feel comfortable confirming or denying” if that facility has a registered BSL-4 or not.

She responded in a similar manner to questions as to whether there was an operational BSL-4 in Montana. “Based on what I see on the internet there may be,” she volunteered. The CDC is posited with the responsibility of registering the BSL-4’s and when asked why she was relying on internet searches to determine this, she stated that she was answering in this manner “for security reasons.” However, the CDC’s own website contains multiple references to the Montana Lab.

The granddaddy of all BSL-4’s was first established at Fort Detrick in 1969. This reporter has found indications of two other BSL-4’s at Detrick. Bane stated she was unable to comment on this. Bane and Roebuck also attempted to convince this reporter that there is only one BSL-4 at the CDC. However, this reporter found indications that a second one may have gone online recently.

Following 911, and particularly following the anthrax letters which came fast on the heels of the Twin Towers attacks, these” biological safety” labs started to proliferate as silently and quickly as mushrooms. At this point in time, Congress is allocating over one billion dollars a year to fund biological defense research. But is it really defensive research going on in these labs?

According to the Sunshine Project, an international non-profit working against the hostile use of biotechnology, the institutional safeguards put into place to ensure that these labs are doing the appropriate kinds of research are almost nonfunctional. Edward Hammond, who was the director of the Sunshine Project, cited instance after instance where the oversight committees for these research facilities had never even convened, let alone reviewed the nature of the research ongoing in these facilities. He also found where the mandated research was not taking place and other, non- authorized research was occurring instead.

The Pentagon did not respond to queries concerning the possibility of BSL-4’s on two military bases, Dugway Proving Grounds in Utah and Aberdeen Proving Grounds in Maryland. This reporter located two architectural firms which claimed that they had been involved in building BSL-4s at these bases: http://www.linkedin.com/in/waynewalters; http://www.ninowconsulting.com/

The potential presence of these weapons at Sierra Army Depot augurs the likelihood that these weapons are being stockpiled on other bases, as well. The Soldier and Biological Chemical Command of the U.S. military lists installations at these facilities: Aberdeen Proving Ground Anniston Chemical Activity Blue Grass Chemical Activity Deseret Chemical Depot Edgewood Chemical Activity Jefferson Proving Ground Newport Chemical Depot Pine Bluff Chemical Activity Pueblo Chemical Depot Rocky Mountain Arsenal Umatilla Chemical Depot Chem/Bio - Rapid Response Team Technical Escort Unit Natick Soldier Center Research, Development and Engineering Center Rock Island Site The apparent “secret” presence of BSL-4’s on military bases, coupled with indications of biological and/or chemical stockpiles at Sierra and elsewhere, point to the likelihood that the U.S. is engaged in developing biological warfare agents. This is a violation of the international Biological Weapons Convention. The U.S. signed the convention in 1972 and is a repository of this international arms treaty, along with Russia and Great Britain. Unlike many other arms treaties, which come with a host of inspection capabilities and repercussions for violators, the BWC has no teeth. There is no investigatory capability and no oversight body to assign penalties. In this sense, the BWC is merely window dressing. It has recently come to light that the United States violated this treaty, at least on paper, through the passage of the Expansion of the Biological Weapons Statute, which is published as Section 817 of the U.S. Patriot Act. This Statute largely reflects the language of the BWC, which restricts the development, production, and stockpiling of biological weapons. However, there is a caveat at the end of 817 which releases the United States government from culpability for violating the restrictions contained in 817, stating: “ (c) Whoever knowingly violates this section shall be fined as provided in this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both, but the prohibition contained in this section shall not apply with respect to any duly authorized United States governmental activity.” It is through this caveat that the U.S. violated both the letter and spirit of the BWC.

What the U.S. has accomplished, through the passage of The Expansion of the Biological Weapons Statute, is to give itself a “blank check” for the deployment of these weapons. Richard Ebright, a researcher at Rutgers University, disputes the perception that the U.S. is moving towards deployment. “A blank check doesn’t mean anything unless you use it,” he declared in an interview last month. Ebright vigorously denies that the U.S. is engaged in bioweapons research. However, the structure of the BWC itself, a convention without an investigatory or enforcement arm, could also be considered a blank check.

The anthrax attacks themselves belie the declarations that the U.S. is not engaging in this research. It has been generally acknowledged that the anthrax contained in the several letters was cooked up in a government lab. The FBI’s contention that they “had their man” in Dr. Bruce Ivins seemed to be both confirmed and put into suspension by Ivins’ alleged suicide. The mainstream media played down the fact that Ivins, who allegedly overdosed on Tylenol, began to gain strength in the hospital. While waiting for a kidney transplant, he was subsequently removed from life support. And that is how Dr. Ivins died.

Recently, the National Academies released their long awaited report concerning the FBI investigation which nailed Ivins as the anthrax mailer. The National Academies did not endorse the methodology used by the FBI to determine that Ivins was culpable and was unable to support and endorse the Department of Justice’s conclusions concerning Ivins’ guilt.

The affixing of responsibility to Dr. Ivins, who was a researcher at Ft. Detrick, does have its political perks. The identification of a suspect (conveniently now dead) removes suspicion from anyone else lurking in these labs. It certainly derails any concerns of a larger, government conspiracy concerning the anthrax letters, which were received by liberal Congressmen and members of the media right before the vote on the U.S Patriot Act. Viewed through this lens, nagging doubts may surface, in which a biological warfare agenda emerges into the foreground as a dark and ominous possibility.

“Dual-use” is a term often used to refer to technology which can be used for both peaceful and military aims. Obviously, weapons grade anthrax from a government lab was used against U.S. citizens in the anthrax attacks. Is other research going on now which might result in later attacks? And are these toxins being stockpiled on military bases and if so, why?

And if the U.S. is indeed manufacturing these weapons in “biosafety labs” under the guise of defensive research and stockpiling them at army bases, and if the purpose of the “blank check” being written for Biological and Chemical weapons via Section 817 of the U.S. Patriot Act and buttressed by the impotent BWC is to nullify the possibility of redress for deployment, then the next question becomes: How do we begin to address this spectre?

This reporter has applied for credentials to attend the BWC, which convenes every five years in Geneva. The next meeting is in December of 2011. At this date, the United Nations has not responded to the request for press credentials to attend the meeting.

Janet Phelan is an investigative journalist whose articles have appeared in the Los Angeles Times, The San Bernardino County Sentinel, The Santa Monica Daily Press, The Long Beach Press Telegram, Oui Magazine and other regional and national publications. Janet specializes in issues pertaining to legal corruption and addresses the heated subject of adult conservatorship, revealing shocking information about the relationships between courts and shady financial consultants. She also covers issues relating to international bioweapons treaties. Her poetry has been published in Gambit, Libera, Applezaba Review, Nausea One and other magazines. Her first book, The Hitler Poems, was published in 2005. She currently resides abroad. You may browse through her articles (and poetry) at janetphelan.com

 

WMR James Holmes ...  Aurora police chief's dubious connections
July 25-26, 2012 -- Aurora police chief's dubious connections

As Aurora, Colorado police chief Dan Oates receives accolades from officials from President Obama to Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper, Oates's past position with the New York Police Department is noteworthy as more details emerge of the connections between the alleged Century 16 movie theater shooter James Holmes and government-funded neuroscience research.

Oates retired from the New York Police Department in 2001 after a 21-year career. He served as safety services administrator in Ann Arbor, Michigan, the home of the University of Michigan, designated by former CIA director Richard Helms as one of the five top CIA-Advance Research Projects Agency (ARPA) now known as the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency, or DARPA] "behavioral science" research campuses, along with Yale, M.I.T., U.C.L.A, and the University of Hawaii. In 2005, Oates left Ann Arbor to take up his present position in Aurora.

Oates's last job with the NYPD was as the chief of the intelligence division. As a member of Police Commissioner Howard Safir's executive staff, Oates's prepared, according to The New York Daily News, a daily intelligence briefing for Safir, which lasted some two hours. Oates's would have conceivably had access to a wide spectrum of intelligence information, including Drug Enforcement Administration, FBI, and other federal agency reports on the suspicious activities of a number of Israeli "art students" and "office movers" in the year leading up to the 9/11 attack on New York's World Trade Center.

However, Oates apparently missed the critical intelligence or, if he passed it to Safir, it was ignored. Safir, who served as New York Police Commissioner from 1996 to 2000 and was appointed by Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, previously served as a federal Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs agent and in 10972, was one of two BNDD agents who arrested Harvard University researcher Timothy Leary, a proponent of LSD use. However, Leary had also conducted research, under the guise of the Harvard Psilocybin Project. the Concord Prison Experiment, and the Marsh Chapel Experiment, for the CIA's MK-ULTRA mind control program. which was under the direction of CIA Technical Services director Dr. Sidney Gottlieb.

After Safir retired as police commissioner, he became the chief consultant to the CEO of ChoicePoint, Inc., the firm that was implicated in scrubbing voter rolls in Florida for the 2000 presidential election.

In December 2001, Safir became chairman and CEO SafirRosetti, a security firm that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Global Options Group, as well as CEO of Bode Technology, also a subsidiary of Global Options. Safir has also served as CEO of VRI Technologies LLC, a security investigations and data analysis firm; chairman of National Security Solutions, Inc., a counter-terrorism firm; chairman and CEO of the November Group Ltd, a strategic consulting firm headquartered in Annapolis, Maryland. In addition, he has served on the the board of directors of Implant Sciences Corp., an explosive trace detection sensor firm; and Verint Systems, Inc.

Verint was formerly known as Comverse/Infosys and the Department of Justice suspected the Israeli-owned firm, which had contracts to provide wiretapping systems to the FBI and Justice Department, of having significant links to Israeli intelligence. Comverse/Infosys, now known as Verint, was suspended from the New York NASDAQ index in 2007 over financial irregularities and money laundering brought about by the ex-CEO of Comverse/Infosys, Jacob "Kobi" Alexander, an Israeli national. Alexander fled prosecution for securities fraud in the United States and he now lives in the Namibian capital of Windhoek. Efforts to extradite Alexander from Namibia to the United States have been unsuccessful.

Verint provided the closed-circuit television surveillance system for the London Underground when the system was hit by terrorist bombs on July 7, 2005. A company called Visor Consultants was conducting a training exercise in which dummy bombs were used to simulate a terrorist bombing of the London Underground as the actual bombs were detonated. Giuliani, who appointed Safir as his polcie commissioner, happened to be staying in downtown London at the time of the bombings. Giuliani was staying and attending an economic conference at the Great Eastern Hotel, at which then-Israeli Finance Minister Binyamin Netanyahu was also present.

Netanyahu had expressed a certain satisfaction over the 9/11 attack on U.S. television in implying the attack would be "good for Israel." The response to the 9/11 attack was severely affected by actual commercial airplane hijacking drills being run by the Pentagon during the actual attacks.

Ironically, Safir's one-time intelligence chief, Oates, would also face the strange situation where an emergency medical drill in nearby Douglas County, on the outskirts of Aurora, that dealt with a gunman shooting up a movie theater, was being conducted during the actual shooting at the Batman movie in Aurora.

Oates, in remarks to the media after the massacre at the theater, immediately moved to quash rumors on the Internet. He also told CBS News Face the Nation: "All evidence we have, every single indicator is that it was all Mr. Holmes' activity and that he wasn't particularly aided by anyone else." Oates was discounting anything other than a "lone nut" theory behind the mass shooting.

The Aurora police also revealed they were mistaken when they first reported that the car Holmes allegedly drove to the theater to conduct his shooting spree had Tennessee license plates. The alleged shooter's father, Robert Holmes, worked in some capacity for the U.S. Navy Personnel Research and Development Center in San Diego in 1988. The elder Holmes wrote a technical report for the center and the work appeared to have spanned from 1988 to 1989. In 2000, the San Diego center moved to a remodeled new "lab space" at the Naval Support Activity in Millington, Tennessee, near Memphis. The center was re-named the Navy Personnel Research, Studies and Technology (NPRST) Department. The Millington center concentrates on behavioral and social sciences research and is funded mostly out of the Human Systems Department at the Office of Naval Research (ONR), the Navy research branch that works closely with DARPA and the CIA. NPRST also has close working relationships with two universities, the University of Mephis and the University of Mississippi.

It has also been revealed that Holmes spoke at the Salk Institute at the age of 18 on temporal illusions. Holmes explains that a temporal illusion is an illusion that allows one to change the past. One of slides shows the name of Terrence Sejnowski, Terrence Sejnowski, the Francis Crick Professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and the director of the Computational Neurobiology Laboratory. In 2008, Sejnowski wrote that since early brain research conducted by the RAND Corporation in 1980, "we now know a lot about the brain, perhaps more than we need to know." In 2001, Sejnowski worked with the CIA to develop a facial recognition and analysis system to detect whether someone is lying. Three files of Sejnowski's research papers are located in Box 58 at the System Development Foundation (SDF) in Palo Alto, California. SDF has a rather complex and mysterious origin is said to have been created "in the 1950s" as a not-for-profit entity. SDF has an archival depository relationship with the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica.

RAND and Stanford Research Institute, two of the CIA's top west coast research centers, were involved in temporal illusion research throughout the 1970s and 80s. The CIA and Defense Intelligence Agency projects had various code-names, including GRILL FLAME and STAR GATE. All dealt with remote viewing, and WMR learned from a recent participant in the same program, now under the supervision of the National Security Agency (NSA) in Fort Meade, Maryland, has dealt on numerous occasions with temporal remote viewing, i.e., remote viewing of past and future events. The NSA program involves Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore and the Monroe Institute in Faber, Virginia, according to the NSA source.

 

Holmes's shrink's government connections
July 31-August 1, 2012 -- Holmes's shrink's government connections

WMR previously reported on the connections between accused Aurora movie theater shooter James Holmes and U.S. government-funded neuroscience research programs at the Anschutz Medical Campus at the University of Colorado and at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California, in addition to his father's research work on neural networks for the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency (DARPA). It has now emerged that James Holmes's psychiatrist, Dr. Lynne Fenton, worked as a psychiatrist for the U.S. Air Force.

Aurora police seized a notebook, containing drawings of stick figures opening fire with weapons, that Holmes mailed to Fenton before he allegedly carried out the massacre of the theater audience at a screening of the Batman movie "The Dark Knight Rises." Holmes's defense attorneys are trying to obtain the notebook, which legal experts claim is privileged information between Fenton and Holmes, who was under her care during the time leading up to the shooting spree that killed 12 and wounded more than 58 others.

Fenton officially practiced Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Denver but she has specialized in the study of schizophrenia. Fenton has served as the Director of Student Mental Health Services at the Anschutz campus since 2008. Holmes was one of six students to receive a National Institutes of Health grant for neuroscience research at Anschutz, a program he suddenly withdrew from in May.

Fenton is a graduate of the Chicago Medical School in 1986 and did her residency at Northwestern University in 1990. Northwestern's Department of Biomedical Engineering receives government funding to conduct research into neural engineering and rehabilitation, including restoration of human function, for example, neuroprosthetics, novel motor system therapies for stroke victims and assistive technologies for victims of neuropathologies, bio-inspired technologies for robotics, such as artificial sensor arrays, locomotion systems, sensory-feedback control algorithms. The former Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, whose facilities Anschutz now occupies, specialized in neuroprosthetics for veterans who lost limbs in combat.

In May, before he dropped out of his NIH-funded program at Anschutz, Holmes presented a paper on Micro DNA Biomarkers in a class on the Biological Basis of Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders.

The Salk Institute, where Holmes, an an intern, worked on temporal illusion projects, is part of the University of California at San Diego. The San Diego campus also hosts the Neural Engineering and Theoretical Neuroscience Laboratory and the Retina Engineering Center of the Department of Bioengineering at the Jacobs School of Engineering, which has a program funded by the U.S. Army Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC), headquartered at Fort Detrick, Maryland, the home to a number of highly classified military medical research projects, incluidng weaponized anthrax research. One of the lab's projects is the design of retinal implants to replace damaged photoreceptors in the eye by detecting light and properly stimulating neurons in the retina or, simply stated, a technology that would allow the blind to see.

Fenton was also the chief of physical medicine for the Wilford Hall U.S. Air Force Medical Center at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas, from 1990 to 1993.

On April 16, 2003, Air Force Colonel Philip Shue, a psychiatrist at the Air Force Medical Center, kissed his wife good-bye before driving to work. On his way to work, Shue was killed instantly in a crash in which the driver's side was severely impacted. The Air Force, local, and state police determined that Shue committed suicide. End of story? Not quite.

Shue's t-shirt was ripped open from his chest to his navel, with a six-inch vertical incision in his chest. Oddly, Shue's nipples had been removed. Shue's wrists were wrapped in duct tape. Investigators determined that Shue had suffered a psychological breakdown before mutilating himself and then committing suicide. A Kendall County grand jury later concluded that no foul play was involved in Shue's death and no crime was committed.

Noted pathologist Dr. Cyril Wecht, who investigated the assassination of John F. Kennedy -- determining there was more than one assassin -- and other high-profile deaths, concluded that there was no way that Shue could have mutilated himself and that Shue fell victim to torture and homicide. A trial over payment of Shue's USAA life insurance policy did result from the death but the presiding judge changed the cause of Shue's death from suicide to homicide although he ruled in a "take nothing" decision that USAA was not liable in paying out Shue's life insurance claim to Shue's first wife. Nevertheless, the Kendall County Sheriff's office refused to re-open the case as a homicide. And, like the trial of James Holmes in Aurora, the judge ruled that cameras were not permitted in the court room during the Shue trial. Subsequently, in a politically-motivated prosecution by the Bush administration, Wecht faced 84 criminal counts of misuse of his public office as Allegheny County medical examiner, including alleged misuse of an Allegheny County fax machine. In 2009, the Bush-appointed U.S. Attorney in Pittsburgh dismissed all charges against Wecht. However, the case left Wecht $8 million in debt.

Shue's murder, deemed a "suicide" by authorities, fits a familiar pattern of the government eliminating witnesses to illegal activities and gross misconduct. Although Fenton preceded Shue by ten years at the Lackland psychiatric department, Shue's suspicious death is an indication that he may have become aware of unethical activities at the medical center. Shue had also announced his decision to retire from the Air Force shortly before his death.

In 2005, Fenton received a reprimand from the Colorado medical board for prescribing Vicodin, Xanax, Lorazepam, and Ambien to her husband, her employee, and herself.

 

 
 

= go to NFU page

  • Bob Woodward, Judith Miller,  Valerie Plame deceptions

  • JStudies, AntiwarSourceWatch  She was protecting Libby not the First Amendment.

  • Miller lied about Iraq WMD, ... Was the Anthrax letter she received also a hoaxHer book came out the next day.

  • There were no biolabs in Sadam's palace basements. ... and on and on.

  • Herbert Abrams, New York Times reporter Judith Miller authored many stories about Iraq WMD later found to be misleading or downright false.   By Herbert L. Abrams  July/August 2004 pp. 56-64 (vol. 60, no. 04) © 2004 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists  more 
  • Judith Miller's War, Dissident Voice, "Lay all Judith Miller's New York Times stories end to end from late 2001 to June 2003 and you get a desolate picture of a reporter with an agenda, both manipulated and being manipulated by US government officials, Iraqi exiles and defectors, an entire Noah's Ark of scam artists" Alexander Cockburn
  • Salon   Ivins' alabi:   On the 17th, Ivins could not have placed the anthrax letter in the  Princeton mailbox and made a five o'clock appointment back at Fort Detrick with the letter postmarked the 18th.  see Salon
  • Dr. Bruce Ivins, caught up in the web of lies and war. AnthraxVaccine.org, Dr. Nass
  • Cheney, Libby, Judith Miller ... Iraq War Propagandists, ... and see Ahmed Chalabi.
  • see Brewster Jennings page and
  • US Senate Select Committee On Intelligence, Phase II final report, searchable text, and Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Report on the Iraqi National Congress.
  • Miller worked closely with 'Scooter' Libby ... Plamegate, Leakgate  & his Aug 2003 Poem to Miller:   "You went into jail in the summer. It is fall now. You will have stories to cover -- Iraqi elections and suicide bombers, biological threats and the Iranian nuclear program. Out West, where you vacation, the aspens will already be turning. They turn in clusters, because their roots connect them. Come back to work -- and life. Until then, you will remain in my thoughts and prayers -- With admiration, Scooter Libby."  Fall Guy
  • Juan Cole, Bush pressured FBI to blame al-Queda for anthrax attacks, Libby deeply involved in biological warfare decisions in the White House.
  • Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University "Kit Bond's anti-whistle blower, anti-accountability bill  ...   Senate Bill 3774 is the latest piece of legislation allegedly aimed at protecting national security.  Introduced by Senator Kit Bond (R-MO), it would criminalize unauthorized disclosure of classified information. This bill is dangerously vague and provides virtually unlimited discretion to the Department of Justice in deciding whom to prosecute. It would be a catastrophe for reporters and the free press.  Search AIPAC, Rosen, Weissman  
  • Judith Miller, directly related to Rosen Weissman, AIPAC trial  Oct 28, 2008
  • see Judith Miller.org  "She left the paper (fired) in November 2005 after spending 85 days in jail to defend a reporter's right to protect confidential sources." (aided the deception in the outing of Valerie Plame)
  • Go to AIPAC, Rosen Weissman trial    .... Graymail defense....
  • Judith Miller, directly related to Rosen Weissman, AIPAC trial  Oct 28, 2008
  • Rosen, Weissman, AIPAC  argue that transferring intelligence secrets to Israel  is a First Amendment free speech right.... rather than espionage.
  • Go to AIPAC, Rosen Weissman trial
  • July 17, 2005 Woodward, Kurtz interview, CNN transcripts, file  KURTZ: Judith Miller in jail for protecting her sources, an act of conscience, paying a heavy price, but isn't there a minimal public sympathy for her because these sources were not exposing wrongdoing as Deep Throat did, but were outing a CIA operative?  This is highly related to the Rosen Weissman AIPAC trial.
  • June, 2005 Miller goes to jail.  search Jailhouse Crock Judith Miller is the Judas of Journalism.  This article accuser Miller of being a fake martyr and actually obstructing justice for personal gain.  and see Antiwar
 
  • The Reagan administration had permitted the provision to Iraq of anthrax precursors Juan Cole . . . from Ames, Iowa. That is, the Republican Party was proliferating weapons of mass destruction to Saddam Hussein in the 1980s
Timeline continued

WMD: Weapons of Miller’s descriptions  Spoon-fed information about Iraq's WMDs, New York Times reporter Judith Miller authored many stories later found to be misleading or downright false.   By Herbert L. Abrams  July/August 2004 pp. 56-64 (vol. 60, no. 04) © 2004 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

June 3, 2003, according to a Harris Poll, 35 percent of Americans believed that weapons of mass destruction (WMD) had been found in Iraq, while 10 percent were not sure; in October, 30 percent were still persuaded, although six months of searching had failed to uncover any such weapons. How could so many have been convinced in the face of the total absence of evidence? Selected comments from New York Times reporter Judith Miller's dispatches from December 2001 through June 2003 provide part of the answer. 1]

Miller, with a special knack for writing what the Pentagon liked to read, was the sole reporter embedded with the 75th Exploitation Task Force, which operated Mobile Exploitation Teams (MET Alpha, MET Bravo) hunting for WMD in Iraq. Her stories, which were widely reprinted or reported in other newspapers, on cable TV, and on talk radio, helped convey the impression to the nation that illicit weapons had been found in Iraq, supposedly validating the decision for war.

As she and others have explained, Ahmad Chalabi, an Iraqi expatriate, was the source of much of her information; some of the time she credited him directly. 2] She had mentioned him much earlier: In an interview in 1998, shortly after Operation Desert Fox (four nights in which the United States and Britain bombed numerous targets in Iraq), she said that Chalabi told her he had been given only "a few hours' notice" of the impending attack. 3]

On December 20, 2001, she wrote at length about Iraqi defector Adnan Ihsan Saeed Al Haideri (made available by Chalabi's Iraqi National Congress) who "personally worked on renovations of secret facilities for biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. . . . His] account gives new clues about the types and possible location of illegal laboratories, facilities, and storage sites." As Knight-Ridder's Jonathan Landay noted on May 18, 2004, this article was published three days after CIA and Defense Intelligence Agency officers rejected the defector's account as "unreliable" on the basis of a failed lie detector test. Miller admitted, "There was no means to independently verify Haideri's allegations."

On September 18, 2002, Miller's piece on the U.N. Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) cast doubt on its ability to uncover Iraqi WMD. She quoted David Kay as believing that U.N. inspectors were on a "mission impossible." "They are weaker" than an earlier inspection team, according to former inspector Richard Spertzel. Inspectors claimed that Hans Blix, UNMOVIC head and the chief chemical and biological weapons inspector, "had eliminated many of the more aggressive inspectors from his organization."

Emphasizing the flaws of the new inspection regime, its inability to detect "cheating," and predicting its failure to find WMD was central to the Bush administration's marginalization of Hans Blix; it also supported the administration's argument that it needed to move beyond diplomacy to assure Iraqi compliance.

On November 12, 2002, Miller highlighted the preparation for, and likelihood of, Iraqi use of poison gas. "Iraq has ordered large quantities of a drug that can be used to counter the effects of nerve gas," she wrote. According to administration officials, "'If the Iraqis were going to use nerve agent, they would want to take such] steps to protect their own soldiers.'"

On December 3, the threat was biowarfare: "Iraq obtained a particularly virulent strain of smallpox from a Russian scientist," she wrote, citing an unnamed informant.

McCain linking anthrax attacks to Iraq

Nine weeks before the attack on Iraq, on January 12, 2003, Miller described the war to come. "President George] Bush told Iraqi opposition figures on Friday that he favored . . . a short military occupation after Saddam Hussein is out of power. . . . The dissidents assured him that American soldiers] would be greeted with 'sweets and flowers.'" Referring to an opposition meeting to be held in northern Iraq, she quoted Ahmad Chalabi: "This will be an in-your-face-Saddam gathering."

On January 24, Miller alluded again to the impotence of the international inspection regime, and the usefulness of Chalabi's defectors. Because international inspectors were unlikely to find evidence that Iraq was hiding weapons of mass destruction, she said, the Bush administration was preparing its own assessment that would rely heavily on Iraqi defectors. Some of the most valuable information came from a contractor who fled Iraq in 2001, she wrote. This informant, Haideri, whom Miller had discussed at length on December 20, claimed "that chemical and biological weapons laboratories were hidden beneath hospitals and inside presidential palaces." (As Landay pointed out in May 2004, when taken back to Iraq in early 2004 by the Iraq Survey Group, Haideri was unable "to identify a single site associated with illegal weapons.")

Miller added that the White House asked that the information from the defectors be used as "part of a 'bill of particulars'" to convince skeptical allies and the American public that Iraq's behavior warranted military action. The bill of particulars "may be incorporated into President Bush's State of the Union address."

Reporting on an interview with Hans Blix on January 30, 2003, she noted his contradiction of Secretary of State Colin Powell's claim that the inspectors "had found that Iraqi officials were hiding and moving illicit materials. . . . He had seen no persuasive indications of Iraqi ties to Al Qaeda. . . . Blix] challenged President Bush's argument that military action is needed. . . . Scores of samples his team had taken across Iraq had turned up 'no trace' of chemical or biological agents."

Miller and co-author Julia Preston concluded, however, that Blix's report to the United Nations was less important for its failure to find evidence of WMD than for its "key" finding that Iraq had not provided "wholehearted" cooperation.

Reports from the search team?

Miller's first report as an "embed" (specifically assigned to travel with MET Alpha) came from Kuwait on March 19, the day before the war began. The administration has deployed mobile labs to help in the search for WMD, she wrote. "The discovery of such arms, officials said, would vindicate the administration's decision to go to war."

Five days later, on March 24, Miller depicted the mission of the search teams as the collection and analysis of samples "intended to prove to the court of world opinion . . . that Saddam Hussein, as President Bush alleges, has been hiding unconventional weapons." Still in Kuwait on March 27, she described an ammunition storage facility south of Baghdad that "remained suspicious" because chemical or germ weapons might have been made or stored there, although none were found. A senior Iraqi official said that there were "special bunkers"; a team found a biological hazard sign; experts found Soviet-style gas masks.

A few days later, a military inspection team returned to Kuwait from "its first foray" into southern Iraq having found "tons of conventional] weapons" but "no trace of chemical or biological weapons." The experts "were not surprised," she wrote on April 2, because most of the WMD facilities are "closer to Baghdad."

By April 4, two weeks into the war, the headline was "A Nation at War: Illicit Arms." The text: "The United States has searched fewer than a dozen of several hundred sites. . . . Few, if any, have been sites at the top of the American list."

But now the war's purpose was beginning to change. On the second day of the war, Rumsfeld listed finding Iraq's WMD as second only to the goal of toppling Saddam, Miller wrote.

A week later, capturing "'terrorists sheltered in Iraq'" and collecting "'intelligence on terrorist networks'" topped Rumsfeld's list before the goal of securing Iraq's supposed WMD. Meanwhile, Miller was still in Kuwait. On April 4 she told CNN's American Morning host Bill Hemmer, "The key to this whole venture is really Iraqi scientists."

Finally, on April 10, Miller reached southern Iraq. At a suspect site, "sensors registered the presence of chemical agents. . . . The agricultural site was first reported as suspicious on April 6 after soldiers became nauseated and noticed welts on their hands. . . . The Iraqis had gone to great lengths to hide 11 or so 20-gallon drums . . . of a thin clear liquid." The liquid in the barrels turned out to be an organophosphate, used in pesticides, "though a sophisticated detector showed the presence of a nerve agent."

The next day, Miller reported that in Karbala a team of military experts began examining a cache of "sophisticated equipment" buried at an ammunition plant. "Much of the equipment could be used for multiple purposes, some peaceful, some not," she wrote of the experts' evaluations. But it was unclear if the equipment was intended for use in any weapons program, she added. A few days later, on April 16, she reported that the team had discovered "some suspicious items" but no "'smoking gun.'" "The team found radioactive material . . . and 'dual use' biological equipment that could be used for peaceful or military purposes," she wrote. Chief Warrant Officer Richard Gonzales remained optimistic: "'We are not going to find just a smoking gun, but a smoking cannon. . . . It's only a matter of time.'"

Then, on April 21, south of Baghdad, Miller's "Eureka!" moment arrived. An Iraqi scientist (whom, she admitted, she had not been allowed to interview) claimed that "Iraq destroyed chemical weapons and biological warfare equipment only days before the war began. . . . He] led Americans to a supply of material that proved to be the building blocks of illegal weapons." According to Miller's report, Iraq had secretly sent unconventional weapons and technology to Syria, and it was now cooperating with Al Qaeda.

"The discovery of the buried material, the most important discovery to date . . . supports the Bush administration's charges that Iraq continued to develop weapons and lied to the United Nations." It also provided an explanation for why U.S. forces had not yet turned up banned weapons in Iraq. 4]

But by Miller's next dispatch on April 23, the object of the exercise had suddenly shifted. According to a member of the search team, "We've had a conceptual jump. . . . We must look at the infrastructure, not just for the weapons."

"The truth is not perishable," Maj. Gen. David Petraeus told her, "but timeliness is important."

Miller's first dispatch from Baghdad, published on April 24, dutifully reported what unnamed sources had told her, not what she had seen. "American-led forces have occupied a vast warehouse complex in Baghdad filled with chemicals where Iraqi scientists are suspected of having tested unconventional agents. . . . Officials described] it as filled with broken parts and remnants of equipment consistent with a full-scale laboratory. This reporter was not permitted to visit the warehouse." Officials believed the information seemed to provide corroboration to accounts that Saddam Hussein continued expanding his weapons programs while claiming to have dismantled them, Miller wrote.

Three days later, on April 27, her account featured Nissar Hindawi, "a leading figure in Iraq's biological warfare program in the 1980s," who claimed Iraq had "'produced huge quantities'" of liquid anthrax and botulinum toxin. This informant had left the program in 1989, before the first Gulf War, and was described as "now in the protective custody of the Iraqi opposition leader Ahmad Chalabi."

Grasping at straws

By April 28, there seemed to be a note of irritation in Miller's reporting. "There are no chemical weapons at a site where American troops said they had found chemical agents and mobile labs." Repeatedly, early reports of discoveries "come to naught." The elaborate system created by Pentagon planners "has not worked out," she wrote.

On May 3, Miller reported that radioactive materials had been detected at a nuclear research facility. "What was found at Tuwaitha was the 'largest amount of radiological materials that has been found at a nuclear site in Iraq.' . . . It] was consistent with industrial or research use . . . looters may have taken anthrax samples."

Two days later, on May 5, Miller reported that a biologist, Huda Salih Mahdi Ammash, who had worked in Iraq's suspected biological warfare program, had "generated considerable excitement among weapons inspectors here in Iraq. . . . A mission was begun today to survey a mysterious white powder." The following day, she wrote that a "top-secret intelligence memo was] found in a room" in secret police headquarters. The memo described an offer by a "holy warrior" to sell uranium and other nuclear material to Iraq--presumably lending support to Powell-Bush claims that Iraq had attempted to buy yellowcake from Niger, a claim later proved to be derived from clumsily forged documents. The search began when 16 soldiers "teamed up" with members of the Iraqi National Congress, headed by Ahmad Chalabi.

  • Senate Intelligence Committee final report fails to report on McCain support of Chalabi,....and did Chalabi trick McCain.

 

On May 8, Miller provided cover for Powell's description of Iraqi mobile bioweapons laboratories, which he had offered in a speech to the United Nations in February 2003. "A joint British-American team of experts had concluded that a tractor-trailer truck found in northern Iraq several weeks ago could be a mobile biological weapons lab," Miller wrote. A defector said it was for the production of biological agents. "The discovery would support the Bush administration's claims that Iraq continued to pursue weapons of mass destruction." The labs had been "designed" to produce germ warfare agents, she wrote. "American forces had collected much 'documentary evidence' that 'suggests there was an active program' for weapons of mass destruction."

On May 9, Miller reported: "A team returned today to Iraqi secret police headquarters where the supposed offer to sell uranium had been found] . . . to find that someone had been picking through the basement. . . . Members of the Iraqi National Congress, led by Ahmad Chalabi, managed to secure the equipment." Outside the building, intelligence analysts found a section of a manual about administration plans to defend Americans against unconventional attacks. The material had been faxed from Iraq's United Nations office in New York, Miller wrote.

Two days later, the tractor-trailer had become a "smoking gun." Miller wrote that experts had concluded that "a trailer found near Mosul in northern Iraq in April is a mobile biological weapons laboratory . . . although] some experts were still uncertain. . . . There might be as many as eight mobile labs in Iraq," a clear violation of United Nations sanctions, she wrote. This was just "the kind of 'smoking gun' . . . to substantiate the Bush administration's allegations." The configuration of the trailer was similar to the lab described by Secretary Powell in his speech to the United Nations in February, Miller wrote.

On May 12, Miller's last dispatch from Iraq recorded the discovery of "the strongest source of radiation found so far in Iraq, at a long-abandoned test range near Amiriya. . . . The material] could be used to make 'dirty bombs.'"

 

A different story

During the period from March 18 to May 12 (when Miller was embedded), "unilateral" or non-embedded reporters conveyed a flavor somewhat at variance with hers. The Washington Post's Barton Gellman wrote a series of dispatches during this period. An early headline on March 30 read: "Special Search Operations Yield No Banned Weapons." His copy read, "U.S. forces have tested 10 of their best intelligence leads . . . and] 'all the searches have turned up negative.'" On April 5, a Gellman report was headlined: "Suspicious Sites Provide No Proof Yet." He reported that components found there struck experts as ambiguous at best. Two days later, Gellman and co-author Rich Atkinson wrote: "The U.S. Army said today it had tentatively identified nerve and other chemical agents." But several suspect discoveries have proved to be false alarms, they added. On April 22, in "Hunt for Iraqi Arms Erodes Assumptions," Gellman reported that analysts were increasingly doubtful.

On May 10, Gellman reported that what had happened to uranium stores or other chemicals was unclear. "Seven nuclear facilities in Iraq have been damaged or effectively destroyed by looting," he wrote. The next day, the headline on his article read: "Frustrated, U.S. Arms Team to Leave Iraq. Task Force Unable to Find Any Weapons." "Erroneous intelligence and poor site security--dealt the severest blows to the hunt," inspectors told Gellman.

Back in New York, on May 21, little more than a week following the Gellman headline "Unable to Find Any Weapons," Miller and William J. Broad co-authored a report claiming that Iraqi germ-weapons production units had been discovered. "United States intelligence agencies have concluded that two mysterious trailers found in Iraq were mobile units to produce germs for weapons," Miller and Broad wrote. The "judgment would support some of the evidence that Secretary Powell presented on February 5 to the United Nations . . . a centerpiece of their argument that Iraq had a well-concealed germ weapons program." They added, though, that Iraqi scientists insisted the units were merely "mobile plants to make hydrogen for filling weather balloons."

Two and a half weeks later, on June 7, Miller and Broad reported that their "smoking guns" had gone up in smoke. "American and British intelligence analysts with direct access to the evidence are disputing claims that the mysterious trailers found in Iraq were for making deadly germs. . . . The analysts said] the mobile units were more likely intended for other purposes and charged that the evaluation process had been damaged by a rush to judgment."

At long last, the Times inserted a footnote to this piece, revealing that Miller's "agreement with the Pentagon, for an 'embedded' assignment, allowed the military to review her copy. . . . But] no changes were made in the review." The last sentence is ambiguous: The June 7 article was itself a lengthy review of the issue. Did the editors mean that the review was unchanged? Or that none of Miller's numerous reports had been altered by military censors? On April 21, readers were told that the dispatch was held up for three days and then "submitted for a check by military officials." "Those officials asked that details of what chemicals were uncovered be deleted," wrote Miller. Are readers to understand that a deletion is not a change?

The critics

Over time, Miller's reporting from Iraq attracted increasing attention. On April 21, Jack Shafer of Slate.com accused her and the Times of shortchanging readers by neglecting to detail the terms of censorship--or "accreditation to report" as Miller called it--that they had accepted. Nevertheless, Shafer credited her with a scoop for her report on the Iraqi scientist who witnessed the Iraqi destruction of WMD.

But the scoop, which was never verified, was described by one of Shafer's e-mail respondents as "unsubstantiated hearsay, speculation; possibly completely made up." Shafer, in a July 25 piece titled "The Times Scoops That Melted," suggested that the executive editor of the Times should launch an investigation: Had Miller "grown too close to her sources to be trusted . . . or to recant?"

The identical suggestion--that the Times undertake a critical review of its WMD reporting--was made a month later in Editor and Publisher. 5] The Times eventually did.

On May 13, the World Socialist Web site (wsws.org) posted a long piece characterizing Miller's April 21 story on the Iraqi scientist as "seemingly a stunning vindication of the Pentagon and the Bush administration." Yet, as author Bill Vann pointed out, Miller's only source "was the U.S. military," and she had done nothing to verify the claims she repeated. Vann suggested that Miller's listing as a speaker for the Middle East Forum, a right-wing lobbying group, could be a violation of Times ethics guidelines, which barred reporters from participating in groups that seek to shape public policy.

Soon after, Howard Kurtz of the Washington Post reported on a conflict within the Times staff. Quoting an irate e-mail from Baghdad bureau chief John Burns concerning a Chalabi story that he had assigned to another reporter, Kurtz included some of Miller's response, shedding even more light on how dubious her sources might have been: "I've been covering Chalabi for about 10 years. . . . He has provided most of the front page exclusives on WMD to our paper." More troubling still, it turned out, the army unit in which she was embedded was "using Chalabi's Intel and document network for its own WMD work." 6]

By early June 2003, according to Barton Gellman of the Washington Post, it became apparent that Task Force 20, a covert army Special Forces unit drawn from Delta Force, had been performing a major role in the search for Iraqi WMD. It was able to work more rapidly, with better communication, more Arab linguists, less chance for site-looting, strong detector technology, and full-time access to more technologically advanced helicopters. Members of Task Force 20 frequently reached sites ahead of the military site survey team to which Miller was assigned. Nonetheless, they had come no closer to finding WMD than did Miller's unit, MET Alpha. 7]

Articles critical of Judith Miller's reporting appeared in rapid succession in the Columbia Journalism Review, the New York Observer, The Nation, on the Internet, and in the New York Post. 8] The Washington Post published a detailed account depicting Miller's use of her leverage as the Times representative to serve as "middleman" between MET Alpha and Chalabi. According to a senior staff officer, she had an enormous impact on the unit's mission, "'and not for the better.'" "The unit was turned into what one official called a 'rogue operation.'" Miller's presence was "'detrimental'" and she "'was always issuing threats of going to the New York Times or to the Secretary of Defense.'" 9] A New York Times insider was quoted portraying her reporting as a "train wreck," adding, "she's considered an embarrassment." 10]

Miller's frustration at the final emptiness of the powerful, misleading rhetoric of her reports, as well as of the critical chorus, boiled over on July 20 in a report that she labeled "A Chronicle of Confusion in the U.S. Hunt for Hussein's Chemical and Germ Weapons." She found fault in everything but herself. "Chaos," she wrote, "disorganization, interagency feuds, disputes within and among various military units, and shortages of everything from gasoline to soap plagued the post-war search for . . . unconventional weapons. . . . The Bush administration used flawed intelligence" that "was often stunningly wrong."

"Promising sites were looted. . . . Special Forces alienated potential Iraqi sources. . . . The Pentagon was] reluctant to make the mission an urgent priority. . . . The Pentagon initially erred in putting a field artillery brigade in charge. . . . Former inspectors from UNSCOM the pre-1998 U.N. inspection unit], especially those who had interviewed Iraqis . . . should be involved." The task force had few analysts who knew Iraq or its weapons programs well, she wrote.

If readers were misled, it was all the fault of the U.S. military and surely Miller would share no blame. In this curiously indignant exercise, Miller both revealed and excused the limitations of her accounts.

Duty to readers?

On September 25, Miller reported that David Kay, head of the Iraqi Survey Group, had issued his interim report. "His team had not found any of the unconventional weapons cited by the Bush administration as a principal reason for going to war," she reported along with Douglas Jehl.

But the weapons had to be found. On October 2, Miller and co-author James Risen wrote: "The Bush administration is seeking more than $600 million from Congress to continue the hunt. . . . The total price tag for the search will approach $1 billion." And while the task force with which Judith Miller was embedded had worked out of an abandoned palace, "the Iraq Survey Group apparently spent its first weeks installing air-conditioned trailers, a new dining facility, state-of-the-art software, and even a sprinkler system for a new lawn." After three months' work by the new search team, no illegal weapons had been found, but the group had discovered some intent to develop such weapons, according to Kay.

William E. Jackson Jr. wrote three accounts of Miller's reporting that appeared on the Editor and Publisher Web site on July 2, September 23, and October 2. Jackson described Miller's reports as a "series of exaggerated stories" that merely endorsed the Bush administration's claims on WMD in Iraq. Miller, he concluded, had "crossed the line from that of reporter to that of a member of a team she referred to as 'my unit.'"

"There is the smell of compromised reporting," he wrote, "tainted Iraqi sources . . . surrendering detached judgment to the Pentagon." He was puzzled that a star reporter caught in highly misleading reporting on WMDs would be so protected from the consequences of her actions. After all, she was the "'drop' of choice for a politically motivated leaker."

Jackson added that military officials and journalists in Iraq believed Miller "had an exclusive deal with the Pentagon." And, he asked, did she "break credible hard news--or only flack for hawks in the government, an all-too-familiar role for her over the last two years?"

Other Jackson conclusions: "When her work is examined systematically, it is frequently found to be simply wrong on the facts." And "Miller is not a neutral, nor an objective journalist." Or as Slate's Shafer suggested in his August 19 report "Judith Miller: Duped?" Miller had swallowed the claims of unreliable Iraqi defectors, and the Times had given them great prominence.

A detailed analysis in the August/September 2003 American Journalism Review summarized many of the Miller articles and quoted Miller deriding the complaints about her stories as "sour grapes."

In February 2004, Michael Massing wrote a passionate evocation of the media's failure to record the doubts of many informed sources about the evidence of WMD before the war. Journalists like Judith Miller, he wrote, "were far too reliant on sources sympathetic to the administration." In an interview, Miller had said, "My job is to tell readers of the New York Times what the government thought about Iraq's arsenal." Massing suggested that it was also a journalistic function to evaluate official claims. While his focus was primarily on the pre-war period, he alluded to some of the criticism of Miller's depiction of the search for WMD during the war. 11]

It seems apparent that Miller was well-positioned to view an inept search by inexperienced members of the armed forces who were poorly trained, poorly equipped, and ill served in the chase by uncertain and inaccurate intelligence. Instead of relaying that message, she filled her days with "suspicions" rather than facts, chattered repeatedly about MET Alpha and MET Bravo units, and made it clear that spectacular discoveries of illicit weapons would soon be achieved. The "smoking gun" was always about to be uncovered.

Miller's early enthusiasm for the search was stimulated by her unusual access to Chalabi's various "defectors" and "informants," allowing her to weave a fabric full of rhetorical triumphs of exaggeration, while protecting her integrity by the high art of attribution to sources unknown. 12] Of her best-known source, Chalabi, it has recently been stressed that "officials warned in May 2002 that some of the information might be unreliable or fabricated." A favorite of pro-war Pentagon officials, he is "deeply distrusted by many rank-and-file professionals in the CIA, Defense Intelligence Agency, and State Department." 13]

One analysis of the information furnished to Miller by defectors concluded that it "proved ultimately useless." 14] A second summarized the discrediting of Miller's source and story on aluminum tubes for centrifuges for a new "nuclear weapons program" in Iraq. 15] The Defense Intelligence Agency had already concluded that "much of the information it received from Iraqi defectors, including information provided by the Iraqi National Congress Chalabi's group], was of little or no use." 16] (In the last few months, Chalabi, a member of the American-appointed Iraq Governing Council, has come under increasing criticism for his ties to the Iranian government and possible misuse of U.S. government financial support.)

The Times ultimately agreed that some of its reports had depended too heavily on information from Iraqi defectors and specifically named Chalabi in a May 26 "editors' note" in which it acknowledged its faults. "Looking back, we wish we had been more aggressive in re-examining the claims as new evidence emerged--or failed to emerge. . . . Editors at several levels . . . should have been challenging reporters and pressing for more skepticism," the note read.

No accountability--not then, not now

As Vice President Dick Cheney candidly admitted during the first Gulf War, when he served as defense secretary, "I do not look on the press as an asset. Frankly, I looked on it as a problem to be managed." 17] During the second Gulf conflict, more than 600 reporters were "managed" as "embeds," agreeing to sign contracts with the military limiting when and what they could report. Each was able to provide a small slice of the war almost instantaneously; access was good, and the general feeling was that it worked well for both sides. 18] But were they able to draw the line between propaganda and journalism?

Or did the 2,100 "unilaterals"--independent reporters whose movements were relatively unrestricted--provide more objective, accurate dispatches? The analysis that would answer this question has not been performed. What seems clear is that if the war had extended well beyond three weeks, with greater casualties among the troops and the embeds, there might have been a significant clash between the need for accurate reporting and the Pentagon's public relations goals.

On January 29, 2004, David Kay, in his final appraisal, told the Senate that "we were all wrong," and that the Iraq Survey Group had found no WMD in Iraq. His conclusion makes it all the clearer how unconfirmed reports helped to justify a "preemptive" war, seemed to document intelligence that, in the words of David Kay, was "wrong," and served to support a false assertion of a grave threat to the United States.

When Kay resigned, the administration quickly replaced him with Charles Duelfer, who redefined the mission. "In its simplest terms," he told Congress on March 30, 2004, "my strategy is to determine the regime's intentions."

In her preference for hyperbole over dispassionate reporting, Miller made a choice. It was not that she created the news she reported, but rather that she evoked a tone and urgency that were unwarranted by the fragility and self-interestedness of her sources. She was careful to include caveats, qualifiers, disclaimers, and occasional doubts as an index of balance. But justifying the war and confirming her pre-war claims appear to have been more important to her than serving the interests of her readers. And it is not a trivial issue if these motives were "at odds with her] professional duties." 19]

Unfortunately, it is likely that Miller, who seems to have been unconcerned about even the appearance of conflict of interest, will continue to consider any allusions to her problematic reporting--as in the foregoing pages--unwarranted. "I'm very comfortable with all of my reporting and very proud of it," she has said. 20] She stands by her dispatches and her view that critical comments about them are "beat ing] up on the messenger" who willingly relayed unverified government handouts without making independent checks or sometimes even issuing necessary retractions. 21] It is even more unfortunate that it took her editors so long to acknowledge their failure in the matter.

1. The words in quotations contained in Miller's articles were usually attributed to poorly identified sources such as: "senior Bush officials," "an official," "one official," "experts," "White House officials," "foreign scientists," "an informant whose identity has not been disclosed," "Iraqi participants," "dissidents," "Iraqi defectors," "Iraqi scientists," "intelligence officials," "British planners and experts," "an Iraqi general," "a site survey team," "the team leader," "an elite American team," "the team's chemical expert," "the exploitation team," "weapons experts," "the biological specialist," and so on. All of these and many other nameless sources fed a constant stream of information to Miller that frequently ended up on the front page or in the front section of the New York Times. On rare occasion she would describe a site or a discovery without attribution, presumably indicating she had observed it herself.

2. Howard Kurtz, "Intra-Times Battle Over Iraqi Weapons," Washington Post, May 26, 2003.

3. Interview with Diane Dimond, CNBC Upfront Tonight, December 29, 1998. Chalabi was considered the favorite Iraqi expatriate of the Pentagon and the administration.

4. Nine and a half months later, James Woolsey cited Miller's report to explain David Kay's failure to find WMD. There had been a "last minute cleaning up" (Wall Street Journal, Feb. 2, 2004). Woolsey had claimed in 2001 that the United States could equip an Iraqi opposition force to overthrow Saddam in a matter of months. "We would have to have some forces in . . . we will be very popular." Interview with Chris Matthews, CNBC, December 20, 2001.

5. William E. Jackson Jr., "Real NY Times Scandal: Hyping WMDs in Iraq," www.editor andpublisher.com, June 17, 2003.

6. Kurtz, "Intra-Times Battle."

7. Barton Gellman, "Covert Unit Hunted for Iraqi Arms; Amid Raids and Rescue, Task Force 20 Failed to Pinpoint Weapons," Washington Post, June 13, 2003.

8. John R. McArthur, "The Lies We Bought," Columbia Journalism Review, May/ June 2003; Sridhar Pappu, New York Observer, June 22, 2003; Russ Baker, "Scoops and Truth at the Times," The Nation, June 27, 2003; Steve Gilliard, "So, Judith Miller Works for the New York Times and Not D.O.D., Right?" Daily Kos, June 25, 2003; Keith J. Kelly, "Times Brass Puts Leash on Miller," New York Post, June 29, 2003.

9. Howard Kurtz, "Embedded Reporter's Role in Army Unit's Actions Questioned by Military," Washington Post, June 25, 2003.

10. Keith J. Kelly, "Times Brass Puts Leash on Miller," New York Post, June 29, 2003.

11. Michael Massing, "Now They Tell Us," New York Review of Books, Feb. 26, 2004, pp. 43-49.

12. Geneva Overholzer, ombudsman at the Washington Post, believes that one of the most important preventive measures against deception and fraud in the media would be "less frequent use of anonymous sources." PBS's News Hour, March 22, 2004.

13. Jonathan S. Landay, "Key Source on Iraqi Bioweapons Was Deemed Dubious," Philadelphia Inquirer, Feb. 6, 2004.

14. Jack Shafer, "Judith Miller: Duped?" Slate.com, August 29, 2003.

15. Massing, "Now They Tell Us."

16. James Risen, "Data from Iraqi Exiles Under Scrutiny," New York Times, Feb. 12, 2004.

17. Bill Katovsky and Timothy Carlson, Embedded: The Media at War in Iraq (Guilford, Connecticut: Lyons Press), p. XII.

18. Tiffany Ayers, "The War in Primetime," Military Officer, February 2004.

19. Judith Lichthenberg, "Truth, Neutrality, and Conflict of Interest," Business and Professional Ethics Journal, Spring-Summer, 1990, pp. 75-78.  20. Kelly, "Times Brass."21. Massing, "Now They Tell Us."   Back to top ^   

WMD: Weapons of Miller’s descriptions  Spoon-fed information about Iraq's WMDs, New York Times reporter Judith Miller authored many stories later found to be misleading or downright false.   By Herbert L. Abrams  July/August 2004 pp. 56-64 (vol. 60, no. 04) © 2004 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists     Herbert L. Abrams is a member-in-residence at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University.  July/August 2004 pp. 56-64 (vol. 60, no. 04) © 2004 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

lternative Media Center Quebec
New York Times;    Wrangling Impedes Transfer Of Civilian Anthrax Vaccine 

By JUDITH MILLER Published: August 20, 2004 Despite pledges two years ago to maintain a stockpile of drugs to protect Americans in the event of a bioterrorism attack, the federal government has so far set aside only 159 vials of anthrax vaccine for the civilian population enough for only 530 people, according to congressional and administration officials.

The officials said the failure to transfer more of the vaccine from military to civilian control was caused by legal and bureaucratic wrangling among government agencies. They also cited the government's desire to buy a new vaccine that is potentially both cheaper and more efficient. That vaccine has not yet been approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

Spokesmen for the Pentagon and the Department of Health and Human Services denied that the delay would imperil the well-being of civilians, saying that BioPort, the nation's sole producer of licensed anthrax vaccine, was storing nearly a million doses -- enough for more than 330,000 people.

''The bottom line is: if there is a civilian crisis that would require vaccination of the population, there is enough anthrax vaccine to do that,'' said Bill Pierce, a spokesman for the Department of Health and Human Services. ''It would just take a phone call to get that vaccine transferred from the Pentagon to the stockpile,'' he said, dismissing the delays to ''paperwork that will get done.''

But a spokesman for BioPort and Pentagon officials said that the doses being stored are intended for the military, which announced in June that it was expanding its anthrax and smallpox vaccination program. If those doses were used by civilians in an emergency, officials said, military vaccinations would have to be curtailed or scaled back.

Michael Zamiara, the chief financial officer of BioPort, in Lansing, Mich., said the military had first call on its vaccine. ''We must run a business,'' he said. While the Department of Health and Human Services had indicated it wanted the vaccine for the civilian stockpile, he said, the agency had yet to ''pay us for it, or tell us how much it wants to buy.''

Officials also said that the Bush administration had not implemented an interagency agreement signed last April, a copy of which was provided to The Times, in which the Pentagon agreed to provide at least two million doses of anthrax vaccine to the civilian stockpile by the end of this fiscal year, or Sept. 30.

''It is a shocking lack of preparedness to have only 159 vials set aside for civilian use when we know that Al Qaeda would not hesitate to launch an anthrax attack against the United States,'' said Rep. Jim Turner, Democrat of Texas, the ranking member of the House select committee on homeland security, which has been investigating the state of the nation's strategic stockpiles.

Jerome Hauer, a former assistant secretary with the Department of Health and Human Services in the Bush administration, said the months of infighting over such issues as who would indemnify BioPort for its vaccine reflected a lack of priority on biodefense.  ''We now have bureaucrats and lawyers running bioterrorism preparedness,'' said Mr. Hauer, who heads a biodefense center at George Washington University.

The vaccine issue has been complicated by Congress's recent transfer of control of the civilian stockpile from the Department of Homeland Security back to the Department of Health and Human Services.  Many scientists at the health agency favor a new recombinant vaccine that may require fewer shots and be faster to make.

Summary of evidence laid out by prosecutors
  Summary of evidence prosecutors laid out against suspected anthrax killer  The Associated Press AP News     Aug 07, 2008 06:37 EST   

Summary of evidence against suspected anthrax killer Bruce Ivins, as outlined by Jeffrey Taylor, the U.S. attorney in Washington:

_Investigators identified in early 2005 that the anthrax used in the mailings came from a single flask of spores known as RMR-1029. Ivins created and solely maintained it. Investigators ruled out others who could have accessed the flask, but they could not rule out Ivins.

_Ivins was one of the few scientists who could create spores of "the concentration and purity used in the attacks."

_In the days before the mailings, Ivins worked off-hours, alone at night and on the weekend, in the lab where the anthrax spores and production equipment were stored. He previously had not often done so. He could not adequately explain his reasons for being there.

_Ivins behaved in a way and said things that suggested "consciousness of guilt." He also submitted a questionable sample of anthrax to the FBI and attempted to divert attention away from himself.

_Ivins had a history of mental health problems and was having a hard time professionally in the summer and fall of 2001, "because an anthrax vaccine he was working on was failing."

_Ivins had frequently driven to other places to send packages in the mail under other names to disguise his identity.

_Ivins was a "prolific writer" to Congress and the media, which were targeted in the attacks. Authorities found 68 letters to these entities in a search of his house on Nov. 1, 2007.

_An e-mail written by Ivins used language similar to that of one of the anthrax letters.

_The envelopes used in the mailings were "very likely" sold in 2001 at a post office in the Frederick, Md.-area. Ivins had a post office box in Frederick from which the type of envelopes with print defects were sold.

_Federal authorities interviewed Ivins several times and found his statements were "inconsistent over time and failed to explain the evidence against him."

Source: AP News

 

Judith Miller
Wikipedia  Judith Miller (born January 2, 1948), is an American journalist. Miller, based in Washington D.C., was a prominent New York Times reporter with access to top U.S. government officials. Her coverage of these officials, especially regarding the Bush administration’s conclusions about Iraq’s alleged Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Program and her involvement in the Plame Affair, made her a conspicuous media personality. The work that Miller and Michael Gordon did in presenting the case for WMDs has been proven false. The New York Times apologized publicly for their poor reporting. Ms. Miller lost her job over these reporting blunders though Mr. Gordon has remained a reporter for the New York Times. Miller announced her "retirement" from The New York Times on November 9, 2005.   ...   In July of 2005, Miller was jailed for contempt of court for refusing to testify before a federal grand jury investigating a leak naming Valerie Plame as a covert CIA agent. Miller did not write about Plame, but was reportedly in possession of evidence relevant to the leak investigation. According to a subpoena, Miller met with an unnamed government official — later revealed to be I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Cheney's Chief of Staff—on July 8, 2003, two days after former ambassador Joseph Wilson published an Op-Ed in the Times criticizing the Bush administration for "twisting" intelligence to justify war in Iraq. (Plame's CIA identity was revealed in a column by conservative political commentator Robert Novak on July 14, 2003.)
Senator Grassley, Eighteen Questions
  • What is the date (month and year) that the FBI determined that the anthrax came from a specified flask in Ivins’s lab ("RMR-1029")?
  • When (month and year) did the FBI determine that Dr. Hatfill never had access to the anthrax used in the killings?
  • How did the FBI determine that Dr. Hatfill did not have access to the anthrax used in the killings? Was that because the FBI determined that Dr. Hatfill no longer worked at USAMRIID when the powder was made?
  • Was Dr. Hatfill or his counsel informed that Dr. Hatfill had been cleared of any involvement in the anthrax killings before the Department of Justice offered a settlement to him? Was he informed before signing the settlement agreement with him? If not, please explain why not.
  • Was Judge Walton (the judge overseeing the Privacy Act litigation) ever informed that Dr. Hatfill had been eliminated as a suspect in the anthrax killings? If so, when. If not, please explain why not.
  • Was Dr. Ivins ever polygraphed in the course of the investigation? If so, please provide the dates and results of the exam(s). If not, please explain why not.
  • Of the more than 100 people who had access to RMR 1029, how many were provided custody of samples sent outside Ft. Detrick? Of those, how many samples were provided to foreign laboratories?
  • If those with access to samples of RMR 1029 in places other than Ft. Detrick had used the sample to produce additional quantities of anthrax, would that anthrax appear distinguishable from RMR 1029?
  • How can the FBI be sure that none of the samples sent to other labs were used to create additional quantities of anthrax that would appear distinguishable from RMR 1029?
  • Please describe the methodology and results of any oxygen isotope measurements taken to determine the source of water used to grow the spores used in the anthrax attacks.
  • Was there video equipment which would record the activities of Dr. Ivins at Ft. Detrick on the late nights he was there on the dates surrounding the mailings? If so, please describe what examination of the video revealed.
  • When did the FBI first learn of Dr. Ivins’ late-night activity in the lab around the time of the attacks? If this is powerful circumstantial evidence of his guilt, then why did this information not lead the FBI to focus attention on him, rather than Dr. Hatfill, much sooner in the investigation?
  • When did the FBI first learn that Dr. Ivins was prescribed medications for various symptoms of mental illness? If this is circumstantial evidence of his guilt, then why did this information not lead the FBI to focus attention on him, rather than Dr. Hatfill, much sooner in the investigation? Of the 100 individuals who had access to RMR 1029, were any others found to suffer from mental illness, be under the care of a mental health professional, or prescribed anti-depressant/anti-psychotic medications? If so, how many?
  • What role did the FBI play in conducting and updating the background examination of Dr. Ivins in order for him to have clearance and work with deadly pathogens at Ft. Detrick?
  • After the FBI identified Dr. Ivins as the sole suspect, why was he not detained? Did the U.S. Attorney’s Office object to seeking an arrest or material witness warrant? If not, did anyone at FBI order a slower approach to arresting Ivins?
  • Had an indictment of Dr. Ivins been drafted before his death? If so, what additional information did it contain beyond the affidavits already released to the public? If not, then when, if ever, had a decision been made to seek an indictment from the grand jury?
  • According to family members, FBI agents publicly confronted and accused Dr. Ivins of the attacks, showed pictures of the victims to his daughter, and offered the $2.5 million reward to his son in the months leading up to his suicide. These aggressive, overt surveillance techniques appear similar to those used on Dr. Hatfill with the apparent purpose of intimidation rather than legitimate investigation. Please describe whether and to what degree there is any truth to these claims.
  • What additional documents will be released, if any, and when will they be released?

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Weapons quality Anthrax mailed to lib politicians and the media, rattled the nation just days after 9/11

REVIEW – Anthrax Attacks

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